Los Angeles, February 1972 - SB. 1.1.1 - Part 2 - (DVD 9)
#SUBTITLES FOR SB 1.1.1 (COLOR)
[00:19]om namo bhagavate vasudevaya janmady asya yato ‘nvayad itaratas carthesv abhijnah svarat
[00:31]tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye muhyanti yat surayah
[00:38]tejo-vari-mrdam yatha vinimayo yatra tri-sargo mrsa
[00:46]dhamna svena sada nirasta-kuhakam satyam param dhimahi“
[00:55]This is a prayer offered by Srila Vyasadeva before writing Srimad Bhagavatam.
[01:09]He offers his respectful obeisances to Bhagavate Vasudeva.
[01:18]‘Bhagavate’ means the Supreme Personality of Godhead who is known as Vasudeva.
[01:30]He appears, Lord Krishna appeared as the son of Vasudeva. Therefore He’s called Vasudeva.
[01:44]Another meaning is that He is all-pervading. Everywhere he is present.
[01:55]So, Vasudeva, the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the origin of everything. “janmady asya yatah”
[02:10]‘Janma’ means creation. Creation of this material world, cosmic manifestation is from Vasudeva.
[02:25]‘Janma-adi’ means creation, maintenance, and annihilation.
[02:36]Anything in this material world has three features.
[02:42]It is created at a certain date. It exists for a certain number of years, and then it is dissolved, annihilated.
[02:58]That is called ‘janmady asya-janmasthiti yah’
[03:06]So everything is taking place from the Supreme Personality of the Lord.
[03:12]The cosmic manifestation is also emanating from Him. It is existing on His energy, external energy,
[03:26]or it is being maintained by His external energy and as everything material dissolves ultimately or annihilates.
[03:41]So after annihilation the power merges into Him.
[03:51]The power, the energy is extended from Him and maintained by His energy
[04:02]and again when it is dissolved it merges into Him.
[04:08]This is the way of creation, maintenance and dissolution.
[04:18]Now the question is that the supreme power or the supreme source,
[04:27]what is the nature of that supreme source? Is it matter or living force?
[04:38]The Bhagavata says, “No it cannot be matter.” From matter has nothing is created automatically.
[04:53]We have no such experience.
[04:56]Unless there is some living force behind the matter there cannot be anything created.
[05:07]We have no such experience. Just like anything material, suppose the motor car,
[05:17]it has got all the machine equipped, subtle machines,
[05:25]but still the motor car cannot move automatically. There must be a driver.
[05:35]And the driver is a living force. Therefore, the original source of everything must be a living force.
[05:47]This is the conclusion of Bhagavatam.
[05:50]And what kind of living force? That means He knows everything. Just like an expert motor mechanic,
[06:06]he knows everything, therefore, he can detect , when the motor car stalls,
[06:14]he can immediately detect how the motor car has stopped.
[06:19]So he tightens one screw or does something so that it is again in motion.
[06:31]Therefore in Bhagavatam is says, that the original source of all emanation knows everything.
[06:42]‘nvayad itarastas carthesv’
[06:46]Directly and indirectly. He’s so expert.
[06:53]Just like I am the creator of this body. I am a living soul.
[07:03]As I desired, I have created this body.
[07:11]By energy. By my energy. According to my desire, I have produced this body.
[07:19]But although I am claiming my body, I do no know how the body is working.
[07:29]That is unknown to me.
[07:33]I cut my hair, but I do not know how the hair grows again.
[07:40]I cut my nails. But I do not know how the, what is the function going on inside so that
[07:51]even after cutting the nails and hair, again it grows.
[07:56]Neither I do know I’m eating, I know because I’m eating something substantial,
[08:05]it is transforming into different types of secretions within my abdomen
[08:13]and the secretion is distributed.
[08:19]I have known it from some medical practitioner or medical science, but so far I am concerned,
[08:28]I do not know how my foodstuff is transforming into blood.
[08:37]How the blood is transmitted in different parts of my body, and then again I get energy.
[08:47]Actually I do not know. But the Supreme Personality of Godhead, He knows,
[08:58]indirectly and directly, both, how this material cosmic manifestation is working.
[09:06]He knows everything. How the sun is rising. How the moon is rising.
[09:16]How the oceans are steady. It is not trespassing on the land.
[09:25]Such a big ocean it can overflood immediately any city or any land within a second.
[09:37]But it is not doing that. So the direction is there.
[09:43]Therefore Bhagavatam says that the original source of everything is sentient. Conscious.
[09:54]And consciously is controlling everything.
[10:01]“nvadyad itaratas carthesv abhijnah” ‘Abhijnah’ means completely cognizant.
[10:09]The next question may be raised that, wherefrom He got the knowledge? He’s the origin.
[10:20]Because we have got this idea that any living being, he gets knowledge from others.
[10:33]Just like we have got our knowledge from our spiritual master.
[10:37]My disciples are getting knowledge from me, so then knowledge is also given by somebody.
[10:50]It has got a source. But, if the Supreme Personality of Godhead is the origin,
[10:57]How He got this knowledge of creation, maintenance?
[11:03]The answer is ‘sva-rat.’ He did not get knowledge from anyone.
[11:12]He is self-sufficient Himself in knowledge. That is the nature of God.
[11:20]He does not require to get knowledge from anyone superior because nobody can be superior than God.
[11:32]Neither equal to God.”asamaurdhva“ Nobody is equal to Him. Nobody is greater than Him.
[11:42]Now we have got experience that the first creature, living creature within this universe is Lord Brahma.
[11:57]So, he also got knowledge without any help from others, because he is the first living creature.
[12:10]So there was no other living creature, so how he got knowledge?
[12:15]So does it mean this original source is Lord Brahma?
[12:21]People may question, but Bhagavatam says no. He’s the original teacher of this universe,
[12:31]that’s all right, but he’s also a created being.
[12:36]Because the cosmic manifestation was created by God, The Supreme.
[12:49]And after this creation Brahma was created. Therefore he’s a created being.
[12:58]After the cosmic manifestation.
[13:01]And because God, or the Supreme Lord, He’s the creator,
[13:10]so He’s not one of the created beings. He creates but He is not created.
[13:18]But Brahma is created. Therefore he gets knowledge from the Supreme Creator, who is independent.
[13:30]Now the process is just like we approach a teacher, the spiritual master to get knowledge.
[13:39]So there was no visible living creature before Brahma. So how he got knowledge?
[13:50]The answer is “tene brahma hrda ya adi-kavaye” ‘Adi-kavaye’
[13:58]The first created living being Brahma was educated from within the heart.
[14:08]That means Krishna, Vasudeva, or the Supreme Lord is situated in everyone’s heart.
[14:20]He is situated in Brahma’s heart also. He is situated in your heart, my heart.
[14:27]And ‘hrda’ this very word is used. ‘Hrda’ means heart. So He can educate anyone from within the heart.
[14:41]But why we are not aware of Him? Theoretically we know,
[14:52]but practically in our conditioned state we cannot understand how He is directing us.
[15:00]But He’s directing us. That’s a fact. Brahma is not ordinary living being,
[15:10]therefore he could take direction from the Supreme Lord within the heart.
[15:18]We can also take when we are qualified, exactly like Brahma.
[15:27]Brahma appeared to serve the Lord. To fulfill the desire of the Lord.
[15:37]Just like we engage one carpenter and I ask him to make a cabinet for me.
[15:46]I give him the ingredients, tools, or wages, and he creates a cabinet.
[15:55]Similarly, God created the ingredients and the manufacturer also and Brahma created this universe.
[16:15]But he’s not he original creator. The original creator is Krishna.
[16:22]As such, the original proprietor is also Krishna because He has created the ingredients.
[16:32]Actually when we work in practical field, the ingredients we cannot create.
[16:42]Suppose we construct a very high skyscraper building, but the ingredients, namely the earth,
[16:57]stone, wood, iron, which are the ingredients of the house, that we cannot create.
[17:04]That is created by God. We simply transform.
[17:11]We take earth, dirt from the earth and mix it with water. The water is created by God.
[17:22]The earth is created by God. Then we mix it and make a lump like brick and put it in the fire.
[17:33]The fire is also created by God.
[17:36]In this way if we study scrutinizingly the ingredients and the materials which we are handling,
[17:47]they are not our creation. They are creation of God.
[17:53]We simply handle them. And because we handle them it does not become our property.
[18:03]This is sense. Suppose I am worker, I’m handling some other things, materials, and preparing something,
[18:16]that does not mean when the thing is manufactured, complete, it become my property.
[18:23]No. How it can be? Therefore the philosophy is that everything belongs to Krishna, God.
[18:35]I also belong to Him. And whatever I do, manufacture, that also belongs to Him.
[18:42]This sense to understand that everything belongs to God. I also belong to God.
[18:52]My intelligence belongs to God. The ingredients of physical elements with which we work,
[19:00]that also belongs to God. Then where is the scope for my claiming that I am proprietor?
[19:12]This is called illusion.
[19:13]So this Krishna Consciousness movement is meant for reviving the original consciousness of the
[19:27]human society because in the cats and dogs or animals, such consciousness cannot be invoked.
[19:42]They are so dull and in the lower stage of consciousness, it is not possible for them to understand
[19:50]anything beyond their body. Animal thinks that he’s particular type of body.
[20:01]A dog thinks that he is, the body is he. He has no other knowledge.
[20:08]But a man can understand that I am not this body, I am working with this body.
[20:19]Just like, I am working with my hand, that does not mean ‘I am hand.’
[20:28]I am walking with my legs, it does not mean I am leg.
[20:34]I am working with the help of the hands and legs Instrumental.
[20:44]Therefore, the instrument is not identified with me.
[20:49]This knowledge can be achieved by a human being. A dog, a cat, cannot understand.
[21:00]Therefore the conclusion is that this knowledge, this is called ‘jnana.’
[21:08]‘Jnana’ means one who knows that I am not this body.
[21:16]The animals have no knowledge that they are not this body.
[21:26]But a man by the cultivation of knowledge, by nice analysis whether I am this body or not.
[21:37]Whether I am this hand, whether I am this leg, whether I am this head.
[21:42]In this way, with analytical study we can come to the conclusion that I am not this body.
[21:52]And I am changing bodies. Therefore I am eternal. This body is temporary.
[22:02]So I am giving up one type of body, accepting another type of body.
[22:09]In this way in the present state I’m conditioned.
[22:15]Now when the question arises in mind, how I became conditioned?
[22:25]Why I am changing this body to another body?
[22:32]Why if I am eternal that also I can understand that I have changed so many bodies.
[22:42]But I know I had a childhood body, babyhood body.
[22:47]That body is gone, but I am existing.
[22:51]Therefore the conclusion should be that, I am eternal, the body is not eternal.
[23:02]That is confirmed in the Bhagavad-gita, “antavanta iime deha” ‘Deha’ means body.
[23:13]They are ‘anta-vantah,’ finishable. At a certain date it will finished.
[23:24]“antavanta ime deha nityasyoktah saririnah” But the proprietor of the body,
[23:36]the living soul, living being, he’s eternal. “nityasyoktah saririnah”
[23:45]So these things are very nicely explained in Bhagavad-gita and other Vedic literature.
[23:56]So we are making an attempt to push this Vedic literature to the human society
[24:06]who are still unaware of the vast treasure of knowledge lying in Vedic literature.
[24:17]We are therefore translating all these authentic literatures into English.
[24:24]We have already got about two dozen books, small and voluminous also.
[24:36]This book is one of the parts of the Srimad Bhagavatam.
[24:40]First part of the first canto.
[24:43]And there will be sixty volumes like this to complete the whole Bhagavata literature.
[24:53]So we have completed almost twenty. If Krishna permits we shall finish the other forty volumes also.
[25:06]So this Krishna Consciousness movement is not a sentimental religious type of faith.
[25:16]It is the actual function of the human society.
[25:26]For want of this knowledge, Krishna consciousness, there are things, topsy-turvy.
[25:36]People do not know how to adjust things, they are busy with material comforts,
[25:45]but as you have explained, that material comforts are also needed for the upkeep of the body,
[25:56]but that does not mean we shall forget our real business.
[26:03]Just like I am taking service from a motor car,
[26:12]but that does mean to keep the motor car in good condition is my business.
[26:22]That is one of my business, but my real business is how to live.
[26:32]So, similarly, a living entity has got this vehicle, it is just like a motor car.
[26:41]We have got this body means it is like a vehicle.
[26:47]It is stated in the Bhagavad-gita:
[26:52]“prakrteh kriyamanini guhaih karmani sarvasah bhramayan sarva-bhutani yantrarudhani mayaya,”
[27:02]It is said in the Bhagavad-gita:
[27:04]“isvarah sarva-bhutanam hrd-dese ‘rjuna tisthati”
[27:08]This body is just like a car. The driver is there and the proprietor of the car is also there.
[27:24]The proprietor of the car is giving direction to the driver that, “You go this way, and you go that way,”
[27:34]and driver is driving, Similarly, this motor car or body is occupied by two souls.
[27:45]One is called Supersoul. Superior soul, or the real proprietor. And the other is individual soul.
[27:56]They are sitting together. And the Superior soul, ‘paramatma’
[28:04]He’s giving direction to the driver. “You go this way, and that way.” “yantrarudhani mayaya”
[28:14]‘yanta’ means a machine vehicle. This body is just like a machine vehicle, like motor car.
[28:23]So I am sitting there and I am carried by the vehicle under the direction of the Supersoul.
[28:37]So, actually I’m helpless, but that does not mean,
[28:46]I’m helpless does not mean I have no responsibility. I have got responsibility.
[28:54]I accepted this body under some hallucination that I shall be happy.
[29:04]So in this way if we study Srimad Bhagavatam we get real knowledge of our position,
[29:14]and then the mistaken way of life can be checked and the human society will be in perfect peace and order.