Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam 5.6.2

Type:
Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam
Date:
November 24
Year:
1976
Place:
Vṛndāvana

 

Pradyumna: [Chants verse] 

ṛṣir uvāca, satyam uktaṁ kintv iha vā eke na manaso ‘ddhā viśrambham anavasthānasya śaṭha-kirāta iva saṅgacchante.
[SB 5.6.2]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.6.2

Śrīla Śukadeva Gosvāmī replied: My dear King, you have spoken correctly. However, after capturing animals, a cunning hunter does not put faith in them, for they might run away. Similarly, those who are advanced in spiritual life do not put faith in the mind. Indeed, they always remain vigilant and watch the mind's action.

[02:57] 

Translation: “Śrīla Śukadeva Gosvāmī replied: My dear King, you have spoken correctly. However, after capturing animals, a cunning hunter does not put faith in them, for they might run away. Similarly, those who are advanced in spiritual life do not put faith in the mind. Indeed, they always remain vigilant and watch the mind’s action.” 

Prabhupāda: 

ṛṣir uvāca:
satyam uktaṁ kintv iha vā eke na manaso ‘ddhā viśrambham anavasthānasya śaṭha-kirāta iva saṅgacchante.
[SB 5.6.2]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.6.2

Śrīla Śukadeva Gosvāmī replied: My dear King, you have spoken correctly. However, after capturing animals, a cunning hunter does not put faith in them, for they might run away. Similarly, those who are advanced in spiritual life do not put faith in the mind. Indeed, they always remain vigilant and watch the mind's action.

First of all, one must prove that he’s trustworthy; then we can accept him as trustworthy. Our mind is not fixed up; very restless. Cañcalaṁ hi manaḥ kṛṣṇa pramāthi balavad dṛḍham [Bg. 6.34]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 6.34

For the mind is restless, turbulent, obstinate and very strong, O Kṛṣṇa, and to subdue it is, it seems to me, more difficult than controlling the wind.
. This is right example. Just like Haridāsa Ṭhākura. He was competent enough, mukta-puruṣa, but still, he was chanting regularly 300,000 times Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra. Even Caitanya Mahāprabhu said that “Now you have become old man. You can reduce the number.” Saṅkhyā-pūrvaka-nāma-gāna-natibhiḥ kālāvasānī-kṛtau nidrāhāra-vihārakādi-vijitau cātyanta-dīnau ca yau vande rūpa-sanātanau raghu-yugau śrī-jīva-gopālakau. Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī especially, he was very strict in the matter of following the regulative principles, Raghunātha dāsa Goswami. He was living in Rādhā-kuṇḍa. He was very rich man’s son and practiced very rigidly vairāgya. 

Bhakti-yoga means vairāgya. As far as possible to deny material necessities, that is vairāgya. It is called vairāgya-vidyā. Śrīla Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya has said, vairāgya-vidyā-nija-bhakti-yogam [Cc. Madhya 6.254]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta, Madhya-līlā 6.254

"Let me take shelter of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Śrī Kṛṣṇa, who has descended in the form of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu to teach us real knowledge, His devotional service and detachment from whatever does not foster Kṛṣṇa consciousness. He has descended because He is an ocean of transcendental mercy. Let me surrender unto His lotus feet.
. Vairāgya-vidyā. Bhakti-yoga means vairāgya. Bhaktiḥ pareśānubhavo viraktir anyatra syāt [SB 11.2.42]. This is bhakti-yoga: no more any necessity for material things. Niṣkiñcinasya bhagavad-bhajanonmukhasya. There are so many. Rūpa Gosvāmī, Sanātana Gosvāmī, they were liberated persons. Even Caitanya Mahāprabhu, He’s God Himself, but still, to teach us, He was observing the regulative principles of a sannyāsī very, very strictly. These things, to teach us… Similarly, Haridāsa Ṭhākura, he’s called Brahma-Haridāsa. Sometimes he is called Yavana-Haridāsa. Yavana means Muslim or those who are not in the Vedic principles, yavana, mleccha. Just like we have seen some temples, our foreign devotees are not allowed, because they have got the rules that mlecchas and yavanas, because they are very unclean, they should not be allowed. But that should not be applicable to the devotees of this Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement, because they have learned how to remain clean, how to follow the… At least, they are expected. They promised at the time of initiation, “Yes, I shall not do this. I shall not do this.” So if he’s actually following the rules and regulations, he is no more unclean—simply by chanting. 

apavitraḥ pavitro vā
sarvāvasthāṁ gato ‘pi vā
yaḥ smaret puṇḍarīkākṣaṁ
sa bāhyābhyantaraḥ śuciḥ
[Garuḍa Purāṇa]

He become… If we follow our promise… That is gentlemanly. If you have promised something, you must follow it. That is gentlemanly. 

So because we may fail… There is chance; we are prone to fail. Jīvera svarūpa haya nitya kṛṣṇa dāsa [Cc. Madhya 20.108-109]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta, Madhya-līlā 20.108-109

"It is the living entity's constitutional position to be an eternal servant of Kṛṣṇa because he is the marginal energy of Kṛṣṇa and a manifestation simultaneously one and different from the Lord, like a molecular particle of sunshine or fire. Kṛṣṇa has three varieties of energy.
. But sometimes we forget. Not sometimes—practically always we forget. That is material. When we forget that we are eternal servant of Kṛṣṇa, that is material life. Otherwise, if we remain servant of Kṛṣṇa, even in this material body, still, we are liberated. 

īhā yasya harer dāsye
karmaṇā manasā vacā
nikhilāsv apy avasthāsu
jīvan-muktaḥ sa ucyate
[Brs. 1.2.187]

So we must follow the rules and regulation very… Therefore it is said that viśrambham anavasthānasya śaṭha-kirāta iva saṅgacchante. We should not believe our mind, that we have become perfect. By mental dictation we should not be guided. That is a very bad practice, to think of, that “I have now become liberated, I don’t require to follow the regulative principles.” So we must be very careful. 

Here we have quoted that, yajña-dāna-tapaḥ-karma na tyājyaṁ kāryam eva tat [Bg. 18.3]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 18.3

Some learned men declare that all kinds of fruitive activities should be given up, but there are yet other sages who maintain that acts of sacrifice, charity and penance should never be abandoned.
, yajño dānaṁ tapaś caiva pāvanāni manīṣiṇām [Bg. 18.5]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 18.5

Acts of sacrifice, charity and penance are not to be given up but should be performed. Indeed, sacrifice, charity and penance purify even the great souls.
. Yajña, dāna. Brahmacārī should offer yajña; gṛhastha should give in charity; and sannyāsī, vānaprastha, should undergo tapasya. Yajña-dāna-tapaḥ-karma. We should not give up this, these things. “Because I have become sannyāsī—I have given up my family—therefore I give up also all other regulative principles.” No. That you cannot. The sannyāsī means… Sannyāsī, they have got also rules and regulation. Caitanya Mahāprabhu very rigidly followed. He did not lie down even on a quilt, only one naked cloth. He did not use… And no woman should come to offer Him obeisances very near. They must do it from a distant place. He was so strict. One of His personal associates, Haridāsa, Junior Haridāsa, he simply glanced over a young woman with lusty desire. He immediately rejected him: “Ask Haridāsa not to come anymore.” So He never excused him very strictly. And Haridāsa, being disappointed, he… On his behalf, very close devotees like Sārvabhauma Bhaṭṭācārya, Rāmānanda Rāya, big, big devotees, Svarūpa Dāmodara and others, requested Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu that “He has committed mistake, but he is Your personal servant. Kindly excuse him.” Then Caitanya Mahāprabhu said, “All right, then you can call him. You live with him. I shall go from here. You live with him; let Me go away.” He was so strict. Then, when Haridāsa Ṭhākura Junior—the senior is another—then he committed suicide: “Now it is hopeless. I cannot come to Caitanya Mahāprabhu.” He committed suicide. And when this information was given to Caitanya Mahāprabhu, He did not regret. “Oh, this man has committed suicide? Yes, it is right.” He said, “Yes, it is right.” So He was so strict. 

Therefore in the śāstra it is forbidden that Kali-yuga is very difficult to follow the rules and regulation of a sannyāsī; therefore better not to accept sannyāsa. Kalau pañca vivarjayet. Sannyāsaṁ pala-paitṛkam devareṇa sutotpattiṁ kalau pañca vivarjayet [Cc. Ādi 17.164]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta, Ādi-līlā 17.164

" 'In this Age of Kali, five acts are forbidden: the offering of a horse in sacrifice, the offering of a cow in sacrifice, the acceptance of the order of sannyāsa, the offering of oblations of flesh to the forefathers, and a man's begetting children in his brother's wife.'
. Instead of becoming a false sannyāsī, do not accept sannyāsa. This is the injunction of the śāstra. But for preaching work we have to get the help of some sannyāsī, but we should remember that we are in Kali-yuga. We should not be sentimentally very much anxious—“Please give me sannyāsa, give me sannyāsa”—and then fall down and go to hell. That is not good. That is not good. If one is able to strictly follow the sannyāsa rules and regulation, he should take. Otherwise, Kṛṣṇa has said that sannyāsa, real sannyāsa, means one who does not take any remuneration for his service to Kṛṣṇa. That is sannyāsa. Anāśritaḥ karma-phalaṁ kāryaṁ karma karoti yaḥ sa sannyāsī [Bg. 6.1]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 6.1

The Blessed Lord said: One who is unattached to the fruits of his work and who works as he is obligated is in the renounced order of life, and he is the true mystic: not he who lights no fire and performs no work.
. “It is my duty. I am eternal servant of Kṛṣṇa. To serve Kṛṣṇa is my duty.” Kāryam: “I must do it.” Actually that mentality is sannyāsa. It doesn’t matter whether we have changed the dress or not, but if we decide it that “I am eternal servant of Kṛṣṇa; my only duty is to serve Kṛṣṇa,” that is sannyāsa. 

So better we should try to stay in this determination than to accept the sannyāsa order by changing the dress and then again we fall down. That is not very good. There are instances like that, but it is not at all good. We should not trust the mind. And even we take, we should be very, very vigilant on the mind. Viśvāso naiva kartavyam. Cāṇakya Paṇḍita says, [chuckles] viśvāso naiva kartavyaḥ strīṣu rāja-kuleṣu ca: “Never trust woman and politician.” He was a politician, and his wife was kidnapped. He had very bad experience of these two things, Cāṇakya Paṇḍita. Therefore he gave this injunction, viśvāso naiva kartavyaḥ strīṣu rāja-kuleṣu ca: “Never trust woman and politician.” So Cāṇakya Paṇḍita was not inexperienced; he was very experienced. All the ślokas of Cāṇakya Paṇḍita—very useful for daily affairs. So similarly, we should not trust the mind, that “Now I have become liberated.” Never think so. We should always remember that liberation is not so easy thing, but if we follow the rules and regulation, then there is every possibility of becoming liberated. 

But this is the business in the human… Tapaḥ. That is the instruction. Tapo divyaṁ putrakā yena śuddhyed sattva [SB 5.5.1]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 5.5.1

Lord Ṛṣabhadeva told His sons: My dear boys, of all the living entities who have accepted material bodies in this world, one who has been awarded this human form should not work hard day and night simply for sense gratification, which is available even for dogs and hogs that eat stool. One should engage in penance and austerity to attain the divine position of devotional service. By such activity, one's heart is purified, and when one attains this position, he attains eternal, blissful life, which is transcendental to material happiness and which continues forever.
. You must purify your existence. This is the only business of human life: tapasya. So tapasya means brahmacārī. Tapasā brahmacaryeṇa [SB 6.1.13]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 6.1.13-14

To concentrate the mind, one must observe a life of celibacy and not fall down. One must undergo the austerity of voluntarily giving up sense enjoyment. One must then control the mind and senses, give charity, be truthful, clean and nonviolent, follow the regulative principles and regularly chant the holy name of the Lord. Thus a sober and faithful person who knows the religious principles is temporarily purified of all sins performed with his body, words and mind. These sins are like the dried leaves of creepers beneath a bamboo tree, which may be burned by fire although their roots remain to grow again at the first opportunity.
. Tapasya means brahmacaryeṇa, no sex life. That is tapasya, real tapasya. Tapasā brahmacaryeṇa śamena damena ca. Even if you practice yoga system, this regulation must be followed, celibacy, not that fashion yoga system. Now in your country there are so many transcendental yogīs, and they say, “Yes, whatever you like, you can do. God has given you senses. You must enjoy.” These are manufactured cheating processes. But actually yoga means indriya-samyamaḥ. Yoga indriya-saṁyamaḥ. Not gymnastic. That is not yoga. Yoga indriya-saṁyamaḥ. Mind control. The same thing, mind control. So mind you cannot control unless your mind is fully engaged in the service of Kṛṣṇa. Sa vai manaḥ kṛṣṇa padāravindayor vacāṁsi vaikuṇṭha-guṇānuvarṇane [SB 9.4.18]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 9.4.18-20

Mahārāja Ambarīṣa always engaged his mind in meditating upon the lotus feet of Kṛṣṇa, his words in describing the glories of the Lord, his hands in cleansing the Lord's temple, and his ears in hearing the words spoken by Kṛṣṇa or about Kṛṣṇa. He engaged his eyes in seeing the Deity of Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa's temples and Kṛṣṇa's places like Mathurā and Vṛndāvana, he engaged his sense of touch in touching the bodies of the Lord's devotees, he engaged his sense of smell in smelling the fragrance of tulasī offered to the Lord, and he engaged his tongue in tasting the Lord's prasāda. He engaged his legs in walking to the holy places and temples of the Lord, his head in bowing down before the Lord, and all his desires in serving the Lord, twenty-four hours a day. Indeed, Mahārāja Ambarīṣa never desired anything for his own sense gratification. He engaged all his senses in devotional service, in various engagements related to the Lord. This is the way to increase attachment for the Lord and be completely free from all material desires.
. These are the examples. 

So Raghunātha dāsa Gosvāmī followed very strictly, Caitanya Mahāprabhu also followed very strictly, and the Rūpa-Sanātana Gosvāmī followed very strictly. Not that because one is living in Vṛndāvana with a short cut cloth and therefore he has become like Rūpa Gosvāmī… Rūpa Gosvāmī was fully engaged. Nānā-śāstra-vicāraṇaika-nipuṇau sad-dharma-saṁsthāpakau lokānāṁ hita-kāriṇau. They were in Vṛndāvana, but they were always thinking how to do good to the people, to this material world. Just like Prahlāda Mahārāja: śoce tato vimukha-cetasa [SB 7.9.43]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 7.9.43

O best of the great personalities, I am not at all afraid of material existence, for wherever I stay I am fully absorbed in thoughts of Your glories and activities. My concern is only for the fools and rascals who are making elaborate plans for material happiness and maintaining their families, societies and countries. I am simply concerned with love for them.
. Sādhu’s concern is to think of the misled materialistic persons. They are always thinking, making plan how to elevate them, they are suffering. This is sādhu. Lokānāṁ hita-kāriṇau, sādhu, not that “I have changed my dress in such a way, and people out of sentiment will give me roṭī, and I shall eat and sleep.” That is not sādhu. Sādhu… Bhagavān, Kṛṣṇa, says who is sādhu. Api cet su-durācāro bhajate mām ananya-bhāk sādhur eva sa mantavyaḥ [Bg. 9.30]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 9.30

Even if one commits the most abominable actions, if he is engaged in devotional service, he is to be considered saintly because he is properly situated.
. That is sādhu. Who has fully dedicated his life for Kṛṣṇa, he is sādhu. Even he has got some bad habits… Bad habits? A sādhu cannot have bad habits, because if one is sādhu, if in the beginning he has got some bad habit, that will be rectified. Śaṣvad bhavati dharmātmā. Kṣipraṁ bhavati dharmātmā śaśvac-chāntiṁ nigacchati [Bg. 9.31]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 9.31

He quickly becomes righteous and attains lasting peace. O son of Kuntī, declare it boldly that My devotee never perishes.
. If he’s actually sādhu, his bad habits will be rectified very soon, very soon. Not that he’s continuing his bad habits and also a sādhu. That cannot be. That is not sādhu. Maybe due to his past habits, he might have committed some mistake. That can be excused. But if he, in the name of sādhu and become a liberated person, he continues to do all nonsense, he’s a cheater. He’s not sādhu. Api cet su-durācāro. Cet, yadi, if by chance it is possible. But if he sticks to Kṛṣṇa consciousness, then kṣipraṁ bhavati dharmātmā śaśvac-chāntiṁ nigacchati. In the beginning there may be some mistake, but we must see that “Whether my mistakes are now correct?” That should be vigilance. Never trust the mind. That is the instruction here. Mind should not be trusted. My Guru Mahārāja used to say that “After getting up from your sleep, you take your shoes and beat your mind hundred times. This is your first business. And while going to bed, you take a broomstick and beat your mind hundred times. Then you can control your mind. Otherwise it is very difficult.” 

So this is… This beating with shoes and broomstick is also another tapasya. For men like us, who have no control over the mind, we should practice this tapasya, beating the mind with shoes and broomstick. Then it can be controlled. And svāmī means who has control over the mind. Vāco-vegam, krodha-vegam, udara-vegam, upastha-vegam, manasa-vegam, krodha-vegam, etān vegān yo viṣaheta dhīraḥ pṛthivīṁ sa śiṣyāt [NoI 1]. This is Rūpa Gosvāmī’s instruction. When we can control vāco-vegam… [child crying, Prabhupāda pauses] This is krandana-vegam. [laughs] They cannot control. They cannot control. Therefore they are child. The child can be excused, but if a person who is in the spiritual life, he cannot control, then hopeless. Then he’s hopeless. This should be controlled. Vaco-vegam, krodha-vegam, udara-vegam, upastha vegam. But the most important thing is udara-vegam and jihvā-vegam. Jihvā-vegam, it is very controlled. Bhaktivinoda Ṭhākura said that “All the senses are there, but out of them, this jihvā is very dangerous.” Tā’ra madhye jihvā ati lobhamoy sudurmati tā’ke jetā kaṭhina saṁsāre. It is very, very difficult to control the tongue. 

Just we can see. Practically I have seen that we… Our prohibited injunctions are that we should not eat meat. So I have seen when on the plane… Of course, we never go to the hotel or restaurant, but on the plane we see so many European, American friends traveling. They are eating the meat—not very large quantity, very little quantity. Some of them are eating voraciously, no, but generally I see… But if they give up that little one piece of meat, say one ounce or two ounce, immediately we can save ourself from so much sinful activities, so many slaughterhouses running on all over the world. If we simply control the tongue, what is that? You are eating a piece of meat. But they cannot. They cannot. Jihvā-vegam. The tongue is dictating, “No, meat is very nice. Take it.” A little. It is not much. He’s not living on meat. There are loafs, there are vegetables. Actually he’s living on that. Nobody takes two or three loaf, of the same weight meat. Meat, little quantity. But they take loaf, butter, rice, other things. Without vegetables, without food grains, you cannot live. It is simply for the tongue. Tā’ra madhye jihvā ati lobhamoy sudurmati. Simply for this tongue, little only. He cannot live simply on meat unless he’s an animal exactly. He has to take vegetable, food grains, butter. These are milk products. Otherwise he has no chance to live. But for the tongue’s sake he’s taking little piece of meat, and for that reason, we have to maintain thousands and thousands of slaughterhouse. This is our position. 

Therefore tā’ra madhye jihvā ati. Simply for the tongue we are committing so much sinful activities and becoming implicated, because implication means there is no God consciousness, no Kṛṣṇa consciousness. Two things are there: one is God, and one is the repetition of birth and death. There is no third way. Either you take God… This chance… This is a chance. This human form of life is a chance. Either you go back to home, back to Godhead, or go to hell. I think Christians also, they say. Two things are there. And in our śāstra, Kṛṣṇa says, Bhagavad-gītā, mām aprāpya nivartante mṛtyu-saṁsāra-vartmani [Bg. 9.3]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā As It Is 9.3

Those who are not faithful on the path of devotional service cannot attain Me, O conqueror of foes, but return to birth and death in this material world.
. Two things are there. Either go this way or that way. Either go to hell or go to heaven. This is the general, yes. Asat-saṅga-tyaga,-ei vaiṣṇava-ācāra [Cc. Madhya 22.87]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrī Caitanya-caritāmṛta, Madhya-līlā 22.87

"A Vaiṣṇava should always avoid the association of ordinary people. Common people are very much materially attached, especially to women. Vaiṣṇavas should also avoid the company of those who are not devotees of Lord Kṛṣṇa.

So if you are serious about going back to home, back to Godhead, we must be educated how to control the senses, how to control the senses. Therefore while eating, we are reminded that this eating is… If you do not take it as prasādam, then eating is sense enjoyment. 

śarīra avidyā-jāl joḍendriya tāhe kāl
jīve phele viṣaya-sāgore
tā’ra madhye jihvā ati lobhamoy sudurmati
tā’ke jetā kaṭhina saṁsāre
kṛṣṇa baro doyāmoy koribāre jihvā jay
swa-prasād-anna dilo bhāi
sei prasādānna pāo rādhā-kṛṣṇa-guṇa gāo
preme ḍāko caitanya-nitāi

[“O Lord, this material body is a lump of ignorance, and the senses are a network of paths leading to death. Somehow or other we have fallen into the ocean of material sense enjoyment, and of all the senses the tongue is the most voracious and uncontrollable. It is very difficult to conquer the tongue in this world. But You, dear Lord Kṛṣṇa, are very kind to us. You have given us this nice prasādam just to control the tongue. So now let us take this prasādam to our full satisfaction and glorify Their Lordships Śrī Śrī Radha and Kṛṣṇa, and in love call for the help of Lord Caitanya and Prabhu Nityānanda.”] 

We should be very cautious, always remembering Caitanya-Nitāi and practicing the regulative principles, chanting Hare Kṛṣṇa mantra. Then it will be all right. 

Thank you very much. [end]