Sunday Feast Lecture

March 2


namo mahā-vadānyāya
kṛṣṇa-prema-pradāya te
kṛṣṇāya kṛṣṇa-caitanya-
nāmne gaura-tvise namaḥ
[Cc. Madhya 19.53]

This is a prayer offered by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī, the first ācārya in the line of Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s Hare Kṛṣṇa movement. He was prime minister in the government, [indistinct] government, Muhammadan, Chand Ka.., Hussain Shah, the governor of Bengal. So when Caitanya Mahāprabhu started His movement, he and his brother Sanātana Gosvāmī resigned from the ministership of the government and became disciple of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu. So when they first met Caitanya Mahāprabhu, they offered this prayer: 

namo mahā-vadānyāya
kṛṣṇa-prema-pradāya te
kṛṣṇāya kṛṣṇa-caitanya-
nāmne gaura-tvise namaḥ
[Cc. Madhya 19.53]

These ministers were, by caste, brāhmaṇa, but because they accepted the service in Muhammadan government, they were rejected from the brāhmaṇa society. And they also became like Muhammadans. They changed their names to Sākara Mallika and Dabira Khāsa. Practically they became Muhammadan. And in those days many other Muhammadans, they also became this follower of Caitanya cult, especially Haridāsa Ṭhākura. Haridāsa Ṭhākura was born in Muhammadan family. These Rūpa Gosvāmī and Sanātana Gosvāmī, they were born in high-class brāhmaṇa family, but on account of their service in the Muhammadan government they were rejected from the brāhmaṇa society. So that is Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s special mercy, that this Haridāsa Ṭhākura, who was actually born in Muhammadan family, he was made nāmācārya. We offer our respect, “Nāmācārya Śrīla Haridāsa Ṭhākura.” And we offer our respect to Sanātana Gosvāmī, vande rūpa-sanātanau… Eh? 

Devotee: …raghu-yugau śrī-jīva-gopālakau. 

Prabhupāda: Raghu-yugau śrī-jīva-gopālakau. So Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s cult is special cult. And He wanted to preach not only in India but all over the world. We have several times discussed this point, pṛthivīte āche yata nagarādi-grāma [CB Antya-khaṇḍa 4.126], this cult, Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s cult. And what is that cult? Kṛṣṇa-prema: to love Kṛṣṇa, or God. God… In many religions they have got different names of God. And in Vedic scripture there are many demigods and incarnation of God. But Kṛṣṇa is the original name of God. Kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam. Ete cāṁśa-kalāḥ puṁsaḥ kṛṣṇas tu bhagavān svayam [SB 1.3.28]. There is list of incarnations, and in the conclusion the śāstra says, “In this long list there are many names, but the name ‘Kṛṣṇa’ is particularly to be noted, that He is the original Supreme Personality of Godhead.” 

“God” means He is not like us. He can expand Himself. Even the yogīs, some of the yogīs—not these ordinary third-class yogīs, but those who have attained yogic perfection—they can expand the body in at least up to eight. The yogīs can do that. There are instances. So if an ordinary yogī can do that, just imagine how much potential there is of the Supreme Lord. Just like in the Bhagavad-gītā it is said, īśvaraḥ sarva-bhūtānāṁ hṛd-deśe arjuna tiṣṭhati [Bg. 18.61]: “My dear Arjuna, the Supreme Lord is situated in everyone’s heart, in everyone living being’s heart.” You just imagine how many living entities are there. They cannot be counted. Jīva-bhago sa vijñeyaḥ sa anantaya kalpate. But there are many million, trillions. Even million, trillions is insufficient. There is no counting. There are so many living entities, and they are all part and parcel of God. Just like the sunshine, the sun globe and the sun-god. The sun-god is within the sun globe, and the inhabitants of the sun globe, they are all very glowing, luminous. On account of their bodily glowing, the whole sun planet is glowing. On account of the sun planet glowing, the sunshine, which is reaching us from 93,000,000’s of miles—we feel the heat and the light. This is an ordinary material thing. So just imagine what is the potential of the Supreme Personality of Godhead. 

So we cannot imagine what is the potential power, energy of the Supreme Person, just like we cannot estimate what is the temperature of the sun globe, sun-god. It is in our front. We have got aeroplanes. We can go there. But before going there we will be finished, the temperature is so high. Everyone knows it. So if the ordinary sun-god or sun globe is so highly temper, how much higher temper is the Supreme Personality of Godhead, His potency, His power. We say God is almighty, all-powerful, but we have no idea what is meant by “all-powerful.” We think that all-powerful means “I am so much powerful. He may be ten times powerful than me.” Or somebody says “twenty times.” “All right, let us compromise. Fifty times.” [laughter] This kind of speculation is like the frog’s speculation within the well. There is a frog within the well, and one of his friend came to him, “My dear friend, I have seen a vast mass of water, Atlantic Ocean.” “What is that Atlantic Ocean?” “It is vast.” “How much? Maybe ten times more than this? Or twenty times? Come on.” [laughter] “No, no. It is very, very vast.” So these rascal speculation of God is like the speculation of the frog about Atlantic Ocean. These mundane philosopher, scientist, they are thinking of God in that way, the Dr. Frog’s philosophy. The Dr. Frog’s philosophy will not help you to understand what is God. 

So Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s preaching was to distribute love of God. That is Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s… Because this human life is specially meant for understanding what is God and loving Him. That’s all. This is the only business. The cats and dogs or other lower animals, if you preach to them Kṛṣṇa consciousness, it is not possible. They will not understand. But human being… Just like our this Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement is being spread all over the world, and you can see here also in your country, in America, in Europe, they are all understanding. That is the special advantage of human life. One Christian priest in Boston, he was astonished by seeing our devotees. He issued one leaflet that “These boys are our boys, and before this movement they did not care to see us or come to the church, and now they are mad after God.” This is the certificate of a Christian priest. And actually you can see. These boys… I am poor Indian. I came with forty rupees. And I have not bribed them; neither I have got that money. [laughter] But how they are mad after God. It is practical. Now you bribe them and take away—they will not go. They will not go. Many fathers, mothers came to induce them to take home, but they are not going. 

So what is the intoxication? This is the mercy of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu. This intoxication is: they have given up all intoxication; they are now intoxicated with Hare Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa. Yes. One Draft Board officer came to see in our camp: “So what is the facility that these boys have joined Hare Kṛṣṇa movement? Whether it is very easier than the Draft Board?” But when he enquired he saw that these boys and girls are prohibited illicit sex, intoxication, meat-eating and gambling. He thought that it is harder than the Draft Board. Here, the Draft Board, they do not make any condition, but here are so many condition which is very, very difficult to follow. So this is called Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s mercy—practical. 

So every human being should accept this mercy of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, and that is the purport of the verse Rūpa Gosvāmī first offered to Lord Caitanya, that namo mahā-vadānyāya: “You are the most munificent incarnation.” Why? Now, “You are distributing kṛṣṇa-prema, love of Godhead. People do not know what is God, and You are distributing love of Godhead.” One cannot love anybody unless he knows the other party very well, or very intimate dealings. Then there is question of love. Love, there is no question of love. If I do not know you, you do not know me, when we live ten thousand miles away, there is no question of love. Love means when there is intimacy. 

So to understand God is very difficult. In the Bhagavad-gītā it is said, 

manuṣyāṇāṁ sahasreṣu
kaścid yatati siddhaye
yatatām api siddhānāṁ
kaścid vetti māṁ tattvataḥ
[Bg. 7.3]

He…, God said, Kṛṣṇa said, that “Out of many millions of person, one is interested to make his life success.” This is not success, that “I can eat whatever I like. There is no checking. And I have got very nice car, and I have got very nice apartment. And I have got nice bank balance. So now life is my…, perfect.” This is not perfection, because we are under the grip of the laws of material nature. Material nature is controlling. Prakṛteḥ kriyamāṇāni guṇaiḥ karmāṇi sarvaśaḥ [Bg. 3.27]. How the material nature is controlling? She has got machine, three modes of material nature. So kāraṇaṁ guṇa-saṅgo ‘sya sad-asad-janma-yoniṣu [Bg. 13.22]. They are contacting either of these three modes of material nature and thus being infected. We know that if we infect some disease knowingly or unknowingly—generally we infect unknowingly—later on that disease becomes developed. This is law of nature. Not that you do not know when you infected that particular disease. That is no excuse. You have infected yourself with this kind of disease; you must suffer. This is knowledge. Similarly, there are three kinds of infection, modes of material nature: goodness, passion and ignorance. So ignorance is no excuse. If in the law court you say, “My lord, I did not know that by stealing, one is punished,” that, the magistrate or the judge, will not excuse you. The law, even this material law, is so strict, and you can imagine how much strict are stringent laws of the nature. 

So this is the material life, that knowingly or unknowingly we are infecting a particular type of modes of material nature, and our next body is being created. Kāraṇaṁ guṇa-saṅgo ‘sya sad-asad-janma-yoniṣu. Sad-asad. Life, there are different varieties of life, 8,400,000 varieties of forms. So why there are different forms of life, different standard of life? Why? The answer is in the Bhagavad-gītā. Kāraṇam, the reason, is guṇa-saṅgaḥ, his particular infection with a particular quality of material nature. This is going on perpetually. “Perpetually” means we do not know when this process of life began and when it will be ended; therefore it is perpetually. So our this privilege, to possess a human form of life, is great advantage in this sense, that we can study all these things—what is the living entity, how he is being infected and how he is taking different types of bodies, and account of the body, the standard of life, nice or bad, is going on. Therefore Kṛṣṇa, in the very beginning of His teaching of the Bhagavad-gītā, He is trying to impress that “I am not this body, or we are not this body. I am the owner or occupier of the body.” This is the first instruction. 

So Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s movement is not on the bodily platform; it is on the spiritual platform. That He explained when He was talking with Rūpa Gosvāmī, er, Sanātana Gosvāmī, that what is the identity of this living entity. Or he said, “What is my identity? Actually, people address me as very learned man.” He was very learned man. He was minister and was a brāhmaṇa. Naturally in those days he knew Sanskrit very well and Urdu, because Muhammadan kingdom, the Urdu language was state language, just like during British period the state language was English. So he was quite conversant with these two languages, Urdu, Parsi, and Sanskrit. So he first of all submitted to Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, “My dear Lord, people address me as panditjī.” The brāhmaṇas are generally addressed still in India as panditjī, means learned. Because brāhmaṇa means learned. A brāhmaṇa cannot be mūrkhajī. That is not possible. Brāhmaṇa means brahma jānātīti brāhmaṇaḥ. One who knows the Absolute Truth, he becomes brāhmaṇa; therefore he is addressed as panditjī. So Sanātana Gosvāmī submitted that “These ordinary people address me as very learned man, panditjī. But I know my position. I do not know myself, what I am. This is my position.” Grāmya-vyavahāre kaha ei paṇḍita satya kori māni: “These fools calls me as paṇḍita, and I also think that I am paṇḍita, but actually I do not know what I am.” 

Just see. This is the position. You ask all big, big doctors, scientists, philosophers, and ask him what you are. He will say, “I am Indian,” “I am American,” “I am this,” “I am that,” that’s all. Bodily. This is going on. And he is fool number one, and he is passing on as the great scientist, great philosopher. One who does not know himself, what is the value of his learning? One must know his own identity. So everyone is identifying with this body—“I am Hindu,” “I am Muslim,” “I am Christian,” “I am Indian,” “I am American,” “I am German,” “I am Englishman”—and fighting is going on. Why fighting is going on? The living entity is part and parcel of God. He is spiritual spark. He is covered by this material body. Just like we are all human beings. Now we are covered by different dresses. That does not mean we are different. We are one as human being, as inhabitants of this earth, but on account of this dress I am thinking you are my enemy, you are thinking I am your enemy. So Bhāgavata conclusion is, 

yasyātma-buddhiḥ kuṇape tri-dhātuke
sva-dhīḥ kalatrādiṣu bhauma ijya-dhīḥ
yat-tīrtha-buddhiḥ salile na karhicij
janeṣu abhijñeṣu sa eva go-kharaḥ
[SB 10.84.13]

The… Anyone who is identifying himself with this body and the land of his bodily growing there is the country, bhauma ijya-dhīḥ… Everyone is thinking, “God is not worshipable. In this land I have taken my birth. This land is my worshipable”—nationalism or this “ism” or that “ism.” But he never thinks that “How long I shall be allowed to occupy this body and to occupy this land?” This is called ignorance. 

So Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s movement is, the starting point is, the spirit soul. And automatically, unless… In the Bhagavad-gītā, Lord said the sarva-dharmān parityajya mām ekaṁ śaraṇaṁ vraja [Bg. 18.66]: “You give up the so-called man-made duties, or occupation, or dharma. You just surrender unto Me.” So actually this is dharma, or religion: to surrender to God. God is one. He is neither Hindu nor Muslim nor Christian. God is one. If there is another God, then there is competition. God cannot be two. God is one. Eko brahma dvitīya nasti. That is the Vedic injunction. So God is one. So either you become Hindu or Muslim, the God is one. This is to be understood. So the science of God, that is Kṛṣṇa consciousness. You try to understand scientifically what is meant by God, what is meant by religion. That is Caitanya Mahāprabhu’s preaching. Jīvera svarūpa haya nitya kṛṣṇa dāsa [Cc. Madhya 20.108-109]. He begins His teaching on this principle, that every living being is eternal servant of God. That’s all. And this is religion. Religion does not mean stamping in different way. Religion means to know God, the great, and we are subordinate, maintained by God. This is religion. If anyone knows these two things only—God is great, and we are subordinate; our duty is to abide by the orders of God—that is religion. 

So unity can be established on the spiritual platform. Unity cannot be established on this bodily platform. Just like the United Nation is trying to unite the nation, but every year a flag is increasing. We have seen in New York. So this kind of unity will never be successful. The United Nation established at least… How many years ago? 

Devotee: Thirty. 

Prabhupāda: So what they have done? They could not do that. Neither can do anything. Before that, there was another establishment, League of Nation. They are trying to unite the nations not to fight with one another. But because they are contemplating all these nonsense on the bodily platform, it is not possible. It is not possible. If you want to be united, then you have to be united on the spiritual platform. And what is that spiritual platform? The spiritual platform is to understand thoroughly that “God is great and we are subordinate. God is maintaining us. All the property anywhere, that belongs to God, and we can use the father’s property as much as I require, not to take more and stock it. No.” The birds, beasts, they are very free. If you put here one bag of rice or any foodstuff, the birds will come, but they will eat only a few grains and go away. And if you put here, say, one thousand bags of wheat, and you declare that anyone can take it, there will be fight. There will be fight. Everyone will try to take more. Everyone will try to take more. This is human civilization. The birds will peacefully take few grains and go away. But if you invite the human being, their culture is so—“Oh, I have got so much wheat. Let me take more and stock it for tomorrow or day after tomorrow or for my son, for my grandson, for my great-grandson.” [laughter] This foolishness is going on on account of lack of spiritual consciousness. 

Spiritual consciousness is, it is stated in the Vedas, īśāvāsyam idaṁ sarvam [Īśo mantra 1]: “Everything belongs to God.” The food belongs to God, the mine belongs to God, the ocean belongs to God, the land belongs to God, the air belongs to God, and whatever we find here, this is a combination of these five elements: earth, air, water, fire. That’s all. So everything belongs to God. We also belong to God. So we should feel obliged to God that He has given so much for our maintenance. [break] …fruits, flowers, vegetables, land, ocean, mine, jewels. So we can use it as much as we require. We cannot collect it and keep it in stock for my future son, grandson, this son, that son. No. This is Kṛṣṇa consciousness. 

It is actually perfect Communism. The Communists are thinking in terms of the human being, and that also within the state, but a Kṛṣṇa conscious person, he is thinking in terms of all living beings. Vidyā-vinaya-sampanne brāhmaṇe gavi hastini, śuni caiva śva-pāke ca [Bg. 5.18]. In the Bhāgavata it is stated that a householder, before taking his lunch, he should invite on the street, “Sir, if anyone is still hungry, please come at my place. There is still food. You can take it.” And he should see that in the household even the lizard, he is not hungry; even there is a snake, he is not hungry. This is Vedic principle, God consciousness, that “Somehow or other, one animal has become lizard. Maybe he is hungry. So at my house he is. Why he should remain hungry? Give him some food.” Nobody likes snake, but in the śāstra it is said, “Even there is a snake, you should see that he is not hungry, he is given some food.” 

So of course, it is very high idea, but it is the complete ideal of so-called Communism, real. It is not that nation… American nation, they are concerned with the human being only. Or any nation. Not American; everywhere. And nation means… The definition of “native” means one who has taken birth in that land. That is called native. So the cow is also native. So why this law, that for the benefit of the human being, the cow should be slaughtered