SB 8.1.27


caturtha uttama-bhrātā
manur nāmnā ca tāmasaḥ
pṛthuḥ khyātir naraḥ ketur
ity ādyā daśa tat-sutāḥ


caturthaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigcaturtha

fourth; the fourth Manu.
—the fourth Manu; uttamaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_biguttama

all of the foremost quality; best; celestial; enlightened; first class; first-class; good; one who is greater; the best; topmost; transcendental; upper; very good; very nice; very well.
-bhrātāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbhrātā

a faithful brother; brother; the brother; Yayāti.
—the brother of Uttama; manuḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigmanuḥ

became the Manu; he became the Manu; Lord Manu; Lord Svāyambhuva Manu; Manu; Manu himself; Manu, King Satyavrata; Svāyambhuva; Svāyambhuva Manu; the eighth Manu; the father of mankind; the Manu; Vaivasvata Manu; will be Manu.
—became the Manu; nāmnāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignāmnā

by a Gandharva named Citrāṅgada; by different names like //brāhmaṇa, kṣatriya, vaiśya// and //śūdra//; by name; by name only; by the name; celebrated by the name; in the name of; of the name; only by such names.
—celebrated by the name; caplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigca

//ca//; all these; also; also other bodily forms; also that I have not been able to ask; and (the five gross material elements and the ten acting and knowledge-gathering senses); and; and also; and Devahūti; and for all; and the paraphernalia; as also; as much as; as well; as well as; but; certainly; either; however; indeed; only; or; over and above; respectively; the word //ca//; this word //ca//; thus; totally; unlimitedly; verily.
—also; tāmasaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtamasah

from the darkness; from the mode of ignorance; ignorance; ignorant; in the mode of ignorance; material contamination; of darkness; of ignorance; of the darkness; of the darkness of material existence; of the mode of ignorance; the world of darkness; to the darkness of the material world.
—Tāmasa; pṛthuḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpṛthuḥ

King Pṛthu; Mahārāja Pṛthu; of the name Pṛthu; Pṛthu; Pṛthu Mahārāja; very great.
—Pṛthu; khyātiḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkhyātiḥ

—Khyāti; naraḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignarah

a human being; a man; a person; any person; every person; human being; human beings; humans; man; named Nara; Nara; such a person.
—Nara; ketuḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigketuḥ

—Ketu; itiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigiti

//thus//; all these; also; and so on; as; as such; considering all these things; considering in that way; here; in this way (after giving everything to the //brāhmaṇas//); in this way; it is thus; known by these names; like that; like this; so it is; such; taking it as; that; therefore; they; this; thus (Hariścandra said); thus (saying out of contempt); thus (thinking in the above-mentioned way); thus (thinking); thus; thus accepted; thus accepting the words of Lord Brahmā; thus deciding; thus stated; thus thinking; thus vituperating.
—thus; ādyāḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigadyah

conjugal love; first; original; the beginning; the creator, Lord Brahmā; the first; the first living being; the first one (Svāyambhuva); the most ancient person; the origin; the original; the original person; the original Personality of Godhead; the original transcendental mellow, or conjugal love; the root cause of everything; without any superior.
—headed by; daśaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdasa

conditions; ten; ten times; up to ten.
—ten; tatplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtat

establishment of the statement //tat tvam asi//.
-sutāḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsutah

a son (born of Lord Brahmā's mind); a son; as Your son (you wanted a son exactly like Me); her son; his son; one son; son (Baladeva, born of Rohiṇī); son; the //soma-yajña//; the son (Prahlāda); the son; was the son.
—sons of Tāmasa Manu.


The brother of the third Manu, Uttama, was celebrated by the name Tāmasa, and he became the fourth Manu. Tāmasa had ten sons, headed by Pṛthu, Khyāti, Nara and Ketu.