SB 8.1.13

Text

sa viśva-kāyaḥ puru-hūta-īśaḥ
satyaḥ svayaṁ-jyotir ajaḥ purāṇaḥ
dhatte ‘sya janmādy-ajayātma-śaktyā
tāṁ vidyayodasya nirīha āste

Synonyms

saḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsaḥ

//mahat-tattva//; a person (Kaṁsa); a son; Aghāsura; all; anyone; Bharata Mahārāja; Brahmā; child Parīkṣit; Dakṣa; Dhruva; Dhruva Mahārāja; Dhṛtarāṣṭra; Durvāsā Muni; he (Agastya); he (Aghāsura); he (Ajāmila); he (Ambarīṣa Mahārāja); he (Aṅgirā Ṛṣi); He (Baladeva); he (Bali Mahārāja); he (Brahmā); he (Brahmājī); he (Budha); he (Citraketu); he (Dakṣa); he (Devāpi); he (Dhruva Mahārāja); he (Dhruva); he (Droṇa); he (Durvāsā); he (Emperor Manu); he (Gajendra); he (Garuḍa); he (Hiraṇyakaśipu); he (Hiraṇyakaśipu, the King of the Daityas); he (Indra); he (Jamadagni); he (Janamejaya); he (Jaḍa Bharata); he (Kardama); he (Kaṁsa); he (King Citraketu); he (King Hūhū); he (King Indra); he (King Kaṁsa); he (King Nīpa); he (King Pṛthu); he (King Rantideva); he (King Āgnīdhra); he (Kārtavīryārjuna); He (Kṛṣṇa); He (Lakṣmaṇa, the brother of Lord Rāmacandra); he (Lord Brahmā); He (Lord Kṛṣṇa); He (Lord Rāmacandra); He (Lord Viṣṇu); he (Lord Śiva); he (Mahārāja Ambarīṣa); he (Mahārāja Bharata); he (Mahārāja Priyavrata); he (Mahārāja Rahūgaṇa); he (Maitreya Muni); he (Manu); he (my father); he (Nahuṣa); he (Nābhāga); he (one who is not self-controlled); he (Prahlāda Mahārāja); he (Purūravā); he (Rantideva); he (Sarvatejā); He (Satyasena); he (Soma, the moon-god); he (Svāyambhuva Manu); he (that hunter); he (that uncivilized Kaṁsa); he (the //muni//); he (the conditioned soul); he (the devotee); he (the great man); he (the individual soul); he (the King); he (the leader of the elephants); He (the Lord); He (the Personality of Godhead); he (the serpent); he (the sun-god); He (the Supreme Lord); He (the Supreme Person); He (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); he (Vasudeva); he (Vasudeva, also known as Ānakadundubhi); he (Venus); he (Vidura); he (Viśvarūpa); He (Vāmanadeva); he (Vāsudeva); he (Vīrabhadra); he (Vṛtra); he (Vṛtrāsura); he (Śukadeva Gosvāmī); he (Śukrācārya); he (Śūra); he (Ṛcīka); he (Ṛṣyaśṛṅga); he; He alone; he is; he, Durvāsā Muni; he, Hariścandra; he, Jamadagni; he, King Purūravā; he, Kārtavīryārjuna; he, Lord Paraśurāma; He, Lord Rāmacandra; he, Mahārāja Ambarīṣa; he, Mahārāja Sagara; he, Prahlāda Mahārāja; he, Purañjaya; he, Purūravā; he, Rohita; he, Rāvaṇa; he, Saubhari Muni; he, Saubhari Ṛṣi; he, so celebrated; he, Soma; he, the //brāhmaṇa//; he, the King; He, the Lord; he, Varuṇa; he, Vasiṣṭha; he, Vidura; He, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; Hiraṇyakaśipu; Hiraṇyākṣa; His Lordship; His Lordship the Supreme Personality of Godhead; his son Utkala; I am the same powerful person; is he; it; Jambhāsura; Kardama Muni; Kaśyapa; Kaśyapa Muni; King Dakṣa; King Indra; King Malayadhvaja; King Purañjana; King Pṛthu; King Vena; King Yayāti; Kṛṣṇa; Kṛṣṇa Himself; Lord Brahmā; Lord Kṛṣṇa; Lord Śiva; Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; Mahārāja Bharata; Mahārāja Ikṣvāku; Mahārāja Yayāti; Mahārāja Yudhiṣṭhira; myself; one such as your good self; one who does so; Prahlāda Mahārāja; Prajāpati Dakṣa; Revata; so myself; someone; such; such a devotee; such a person; such a person as I am; such a personality; Sudyumna; Svāyambhuva Manu; that (great demon Maya Dānava); that (having the above symptoms); that (Supreme Personality of Godhead); that (Supreme Personality of Godhead, Kṛṣṇa); that //brāhmaṇa//; that //yoga// system; that; that Ajāmila; that arrow; that banyan tree; that boy of the name Vena; whether that person; which; You; Your Lordship; yourself.
—that Supreme Personality of Godhead; viśvaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigvisva

of the cosmic world; of the universe; of the whole universe; the material worlds; the universe; the universes; the whole cosmic manifestation; the whole universe; the whole world; the world; universal; universe.
-kāyaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkayah

body; my body; the body.
—the total form of the universe (the whole universe is the external body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead); puruplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpuru

completely; great; greatly; manifold; very much.
-hūtaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bighutah

offered.
—known by so many names; īśaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigisah

competent; controller; controller, the Supreme Lord; Lord Śiva; the controller; the lord; the supreme controller (with full power); the supreme controller; the supreme controller, Lord Īśa; the Supreme Lord; the supreme master; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, the Supreme Lord.
—the supreme controller (with full power); satyaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsatyah

chaste; Satya; successful; the ultimate truth.
—the ultimate truth; svayamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsvayam

automatically; by himself; by itself; by Yourself; he himself; he, the living entity himself; himself; his own life; his own self; in its own way; in person; independently (without asking permission from Indra); independently; is Himself; itself; of his own accord; personal; personality (as Viṣṇu); personality; personally; personally deliberating; personally Himself; personally Lord Kṛṣṇa; personally the Supreme Personality of Godhead; personified; self; self-sufficient; themselves; yourself.
—personally; jyotiḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjyotiḥ

effulgence; effulgent; electricity; fire; light; luminous; manifesting His bodily rays (the Brahman effulgence); of the effulgence; self-effulgent; source of light; the //brahmajyoti,// the effulgence of the Supreme Lord; the luminaries in the sky, such as the sun, the moon and the stars; the sun.
—self-effulgent; ajaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigajah

Aja; although not from a material mother; as good as Lord Brahmā; Brahmā; due to being unborn; Kṛṣṇa; Lord Aja; Lord Brahmā; Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa; never born; Nārāyaṇa; one who is born without a material source; one who is unborn; the goat; the self-born; the self-born Brahmā; the son named Aja; the supreme unborn one; the unborn (Lord Brahmā); the unborn; the unborn Brahmā; the unborn, the Supreme Personality of Godhead; unborn; unborn, beginningless; who was not born like an ordinary human being.
—unborn, beginningless; purāṇaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpurāṇaḥ

and the //purāṇas,// the supplementary //Vedas//; old; oldest; the oldest; the oldest, who has no other founder; the original; very old, or eternal.
—the oldest; dhatteplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdhatte

accept; accepts; eternally accepts; executes; gives; has taken; He accepts; He assumes; He performs; is manifested; one possesses; possesses; she inflicts; take place.
—He performs; asyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigasya

(the taking away) of this Ajāmila; about Him; by Him; for all these acts; for him; for such a person; his; his son; its; King Pṛthu; of a living entity; of a person; of Caṇḍavega; of Dakṣa; of Dhruva; of Dhruva Mahārāja; of her son; of him (Bali Mahārāja); of him (Bharata); of him (Brahmā); of Him (the Lord); of Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); of him (Tribhānu); of him; of His (Lord Kṛṣṇa's); of His; of Indra; of it; of Kṛti; of Kṛśāśva; of Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Brahmā; of Lord Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Ṛṣabhadeva; of Mahārāja Hariścandra; of Marutta; of Pṛthu; of Rambha; of such offenders; of that; of the //virāṭ-puruṣa//; of the advancing devotee; of the body of my husband; of the conditioned soul; of the cosmic manifestation; of the creation; of the devotee; of the entire cosmic manifestation; of the gigantic form; of the human beings; of the King; of the living being; of the living entities who have accepted material bodies; of the living entity; of the Lord; of the Lord, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; of the lust; of the manifested universes; of the material world; of the people in general; of the person; of the Personality of Godhead; of the possessor; of the serpent (Kāliya); of the Supreme Lord; of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; of the universal form; of the universal form of the Lord; of the universe; of the world; of this (Ajāmila); of this (material world); of this (Rādhā-kuṇḍa); of this (the universe); of this //brahmacārī// Vāmana; of this; of this body; of this child; of this cosmic manifestation; of this creation; of this earth; of this King; of this man; of this manifested cosmos or of anything material or visible; of this material world; of this one; of this person; of this tree; of this universe; of this Vāmanadeva; of this world; of your son; of your son Kṛṣṇa; one's; this; to him (the dead boy); to the living entity; unto Prahlāda; upon him.
—of this universe; janmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjanma

after births; appearance; aristocracy or nobility; aristocratic birth; birth; birth in a very polished, aristocratic family; births; by birth; by birth in an aristocratic family; creation; generation; good birth; of birth; of births; of the birth; such a birth; the appearance; the birth; the creation; the whole life; time of birth; whose birth.
-ādiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigādi

a beginning; all such places; all these; all together; and other arrangements; and other things; and others; and similar other persons; and so on; and the other; beginning; beginning with; by artificially practicing detachment, by the mechanical practice of yoga, by studying the Sāṅkhya philosophy, and so on; etc; everything; first; headed by; heading; heading the list; in the beginning; in the beginning of the millennium; original; originally; other subject matters; primarily; the beginning; the first; the original.
—the creation, maintenance and annihilation; ajayāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigajaya

because of dark ignorance; because of ignorance; by //māyā,// the external energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; by His external energy; by material nature; by the external energy; by the external energy of the Supreme Lord; by the influence of the illusory energy; by Your external energy, the mode of ignorance; with nescience; with the she-goat.
—by His external energy; ātmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigatma

and of the soul; and of the Supersoul (Paramātmā); and the mind; body; by a manifestation of Yourself; by the body and mind; by the Supreme Personality of Godhead; by themselves; by Yourself; heart; Himself; his; in Himself; in the body; in the living entities; into the self; living being; mind; of all living entities; of Himself; of one's self; of spiritual knowledge; of the mind; of the mind and senses; of the soul; of the Supreme; one's own; own; personal; self; self-realized; soul; spirit; Supersoul; the body and mind; the devotees are the Lord's heart and soul; the mind; the mind and body; the self; the spirit; the Supersoul; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; the Supreme Self; the tree of work; to the body; upon the Supersoul; within; Yourself; ātmā.
-śaktyāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigśaktyā

as far as possible; by His potency; by the force; by the potency; potencies; potency; to His potency; to the best of one's ability; with full capacity; with potency to work.
—by His personal potency; tāmplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtam

by Him; Dhruva; Dhruva Mahārāja; for that reason; from him (Kardama); from him (Maitreya); him (Ajāmila); him (Arjuna); him (Bali); him (Cyavana); him (Dhruva Mahārāja); him (Gajendra); him (Gargamuni); him (Hiraṇyakaśipu); him (Indra); him (Jaḍa Bharata); him (Kardama); him (King Yayāti); him (King Yudhiṣṭhira); Him (Kṛṣṇa); him (Lord Indra); Him (Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva); him (Lord Śiva); Him (Nara-Nārāyaṇa); him (Nārada Muni); him (Prahlāda Mahārāja); him (Prajāpati Dakṣa); him (Pṛthu); him (Pṛṣadhra); Him (Rohiṇī-nandana, the son of Rohiṇī); him (the bull); him (the condemned person); him (the he-goat); him (the King of heaven, Indra); him (the King); Him (the Lord); him (the male bird); him (the saintly person); Him (the Supreme Lord); Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa); him (Tṛṇabindu); him (Vasudeva); him (Vidura); him (Viśvarūpa); Him (Vāmanadeva); him (Vṛtrāsura); him; Him, Lord Rāmacandra; him, Mahārāja Sumitra.
—that external material energy; vidyayāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigvidyayā

//mantra//; by a prayer; by culture of knowledge; by education; by His spiritual potency; by such a process; by the necessary knowledge; by the prayers; by the spiritual //mantra//; by the talents; by the Vedic knowledge; by transcendental knowledge; by worship; education; with the //mantra//.
—by His spiritual potency; udasyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigudasya

giving up.
—giving up; nirīhaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignirīhaḥ

although desireless; appearing to be doing nothing; desireless; without any desire or activity; without any part of external energy; without material desires.
—without any desire or activity; āsteplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigāste

are in; are still there; are they; becomes; does enjoy; does exist; does He; doing well; existing; exists; exists eternally; fares well; he also used to sit; He is existing (untouched by the material energy); he lies; he remains; is; is existing; is living; is present; is sitting; is situated; is still existing; is there; living; passing his days; remained; remains; remains in misery; resides; she was present; sits; situated; standing; stays; still existing; there is; was; was present; would be situated.
—He is existing (untouched by the material energy).

Translation

The entire cosmic manifestation is the body of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, the Absolute Truth, who has millions of names and unlimited potencies. He is self-effulgent, unborn and changeless. He is the beginning of everything, but He has no beginning. Because He has created this cosmic manifestation by His external energy, the universe appears to be created, maintained and annihilated by Him. Nonetheless, He remains inactive in His spiritual energy and is untouched by the activities of the material energy.

Purport

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu says in His Śikṣāṣṭaka, nāmnām akāri bahudhā nija-sarva-śaktiḥ: the Supreme Personality of Godhead has many names, which are all nondifferent from the Supreme Person. This is spiritual existence. By chanting the Hare Kṛṣṇa mahā-mantra, consisting of names of the Supreme Lord, we find that the name has all the potencies of the person. The Lord’s activities are many, and according to His activities He has many names. He appeared as the son of mother Yaśodā, and also as the son of mother Devakī, and therefore He is named Devakī-nandana and Yaśodā-nandana. Parāsya śaktir vividhaiva śrūyate: [Cc. Madhya 13.65, purport] the Lord has a multitude of energies, and therefore He acts in multifarious ways. Yet He has a particular name. The śāstras recommend which names we should chant, such as Hare Kṛṣṇa, Hare Kṛṣṇa, Kṛṣṇa Kṛṣṇa, Hare Hare. It is not that we have to search for some name or manufacture one. Rather, we must follow the saintly persons and the śāstras in chanting His holy name.

Although the material and spiritual energies both belong to the Lord, He is impossible to understand as long as we are in the material energy. And when we come to the spiritual energy, He is very easy to know. As stated in Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam (1.7.23)plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.7.23

You are the original Personality of Godhead who expands Himself all over the creations and is transcendental to material energy. You have cast away the effects of the material energy by dint of Your spiritual potency. You are always situated in eternal bliss and transcendental knowledge.
: māyāṁ vyudasya cic-chaktyā kaivalye sthita ātmani. Although the external energy belongs to the Lord, when one is in the external energy (mama māyā duratyayā [Bg. 7.14]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā 7.14

This divine energy of Mine, consisting of the three modes of material nature, is difficult to overcome. But those who have surrendered unto Me can easily cross beyond it.
) He is very difficult to understand. However, when one comes to the spiritual energy, one can understand Him. Therefore in Bhagavad-gītā (Bg. 18.55)plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā 18.55

One can understand the Supreme Personality as He is only by devotional service. And when one is in full consciousness of the Supreme Lord by such devotion, he can enter into the kingdom of God.
it is said, bhaktyā mām abhijānāti yāvān yaś cāsmi tattvataḥ: one who wants to understand the Supreme Personality of Godhead in reality must take to the platform of bhakti, or Kṛṣṇa consciousness. This bhakti consists of various activities (śravaṇaṁ kīrtanaṁ viṣṇoḥ smaraṇaṁ pāda-sevanam/ arcanaṁ vandanaṁ dāsyaṁ sakhyam ātma-nivedanam [SB 7.5.23]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 7.5.23-24

Prahlāda Mahārāja said: Hearing and chanting about the transcendental holy name, form, qualities, paraphernalia and pastimes of Lord Viṣṇu, remembering them, serving the lotus feet of the Lord, offering the Lord respectful worship with sixteen types of paraphernalia, offering prayers to the Lord, becoming His servant, considering the Lord one's best friend, and surrendering everything unto Him (in other words, serving Him with the body, mind and words)—these nine processes are accepted as pure devotional service. One who has dedicated his life to the service of Kṛṣṇa through these nine methods should be understood to be the most learned person, for he has acquired complete knowledge.
), and to understand the Lord one must take to this path of devotional service. Even though the people of the world have forgotten God and may say that God is dead, this is not a fact. One can understand God when one takes to the Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement, and thus one can be happy.