SB 8.1.11

Text

yaṁ paśyati na paśyantaṁ
cakṣur yasya na riṣyati
taṁ bhūta-nilayaṁ devaṁ
suparṇam upadhāvata

Synonyms

yamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigyam

about whom; He who; He whom; him (Vena) whom; Him; Him whom; one who; that which; the person; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; the Supreme Personality of Godhead who; to which; to whom; unto anyone to whom; unto one; unto the Personality of Godhead who; unto the Supreme Person; unto whom (Ambarīṣa Mahārāja); unto whom (Marutta); unto whom (Ṛṣyaśṛṅga); unto whom; upon whom; what; where; which (bridge); which (Vedic path); which; which son; who; whom (Paraśurāma); whom (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); whom (You); whom.
—He who; paśyatiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpasyati

actually sees; can see; he also used to see; he sees; one sees; perceives; see; see it; sees; sees perfectly; the living entity sees.
—the living entity sees; naplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigna

//never//; //not//; are not; but not; cannot; certainly not; could not; did not; do not; does it not; does not; is not; it is not; it is not so; may not; neither; never; never does; never to be; no; no one; none; nor; not; not like that; not preceded by //oṁ//; not suitable; nothing; or not; shall not; should never; there is none; there is not; there should not be; was not; whether; without.
—not; paśyantamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpaśyantam

although always seeing; the one who sees.
—although always seeing; cakṣuḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigcakṣuḥ

Cakṣu; eye; eyes; named Cakṣuḥ; of eyes (senses); sense of sight; the branch known as Cakṣu; the eye of knowledge; the eyes; the sense of sight.
—eye; yasyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigyasya

anyone; anyone with whom; by which; by whom (the Lord); by whom; for the purpose of; for whom; from whom; He of whom; he who; His; in relationship with anyone; of a man; of Him; of him who; of Indra; of Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Śiva; of one who; of one's; of someone; of the Supreme Personality of Godhead who; of which (body); of which; of which lusty desires; of which nectar; of whom (Ambarīṣa Mahārāja); of whom (Avīkṣit); of whom (Bali Mahārāja); of whom (Budha); of whom (Citraratha); of whom (Diviratha); of whom (King Gaya); of whom (Lord Nārāyaṇa); of whom (Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa); of whom (Lord Ṛṣabhadeva); of whom (Mahārāja Ambarīṣa); of whom (of the Supreme Personality of Godhead); of whom (Sudeva); of whom (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); of whom (the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who gives His pure devotees intelligence with which to spread the Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement); of whom (the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who gives His pure devotees the intelligence to spread the Kṛṣṇa consciousness movement); of whom (Vikṛti); of whom (Śunaka); of whom; one who; one whose; the Lord, of whom; the one from whose; to whom everything belongs; whom; whose (Lord Rāmacandra's); whose; with the body.
—whose; naplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigna

//never//; //not//; are not; but not; cannot; certainly not; could not; did not; do not; does it not; does not; is not; it is not; it is not so; may not; neither; never; never does; never to be; no; no one; none; nor; not; not like that; not preceded by //oṁ//; not suitable; nothing; or not; shall not; should never; there is none; there is not; there should not be; was not; whether; without.
—never; riṣyatiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigriṣyati

becomes baffled; diminishes; is destroyed.
—diminishes; tamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtam

by Him; Dhruva; Dhruva Mahārāja; for that reason; from him (Kardama); from him (Maitreya); him (Ajāmila); him (Arjuna); him (Bali); him (Cyavana); him (Dhruva Mahārāja); him (Gajendra); him (Gargamuni); him (Hiraṇyakaśipu); him (Indra); him (Jaḍa Bharata); him (Kardama); him (King Yayāti); him (King Yudhiṣṭhira); Him (Kṛṣṇa); him (Lord Indra); Him (Lord Nṛsiṁhadeva); him (Lord Śiva); Him (Nara-Nārāyaṇa); him (Nārada Muni); him (Prahlāda Mahārāja); him (Prajāpati Dakṣa); him (Pṛthu); him (Pṛṣadhra); Him (Rohiṇī-nandana, the son of Rohiṇī); him (the bull); him (the condemned person); him (the he-goat); him (the King of heaven, Indra); him (the King); Him (the Lord); him (the male bird); him (the saintly person); Him (the Supreme Lord); Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead, Nārāyaṇa); him (Tṛṇabindu); him (Vasudeva); him (Vidura); him (Viśvarūpa); Him (Vāmanadeva); him (Vṛtrāsura); him; Him, Lord Rāmacandra; him, Mahārāja Sumitra.
—Him; bhūtaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbhuta

all living entities; all that is created or born; an ordinary ghost; and of the Bhūtas; body; by other living entities; by the five material elements; created; creation; ego; elements; everything that be; evil spirits; ghost; ghosts; ghosts named Bhūtas; gross material elements; jinn; living entities; living entity; material elements; material ingredients; of all existence; of different nations; of living entities; of ordinary living entities; of the living beings; of the living entities; of the material elements; other living beings; other living entities; past; the evil spirits; the five elements; the five gross elements (the sky, etc.); the five gross elements; the five material elements; the ghost; the gross; the gross elements; the material elements; the material energy; the physical elements; to other living entities; with all the gross material elements.
-nilayamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignilayam

not visible; rest or living place; the abode; to the residence.
—the original source of all living entities; devamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdevam

a demigod; as the worshipable deity; at last to the chief demigod; divine; Lord Viṣṇu; Lord Vāsudeva; Lord Śiva; shining; the demigod; the great demigod; the Lord; the Personality of Godhead; the sun-god; the supreme demigod; the Supreme Lord; the Supreme Lord Himself; the Supreme Personality of Godhead; to the Supreme Personality of Godhead; unto Lord Śiva; unto the Deity; unto the Supreme Personality of Godhead; upon the Lord.
—the Supreme Personality of Godhead; suparṇamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsuparṇam

Garuḍa; towards Garuḍa; who accompanies the living entity as a friend.
—who accompanies the living entity as a friend; upadhāvataplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigupadhavata

everyone should worship.
—everyone should worship.

Translation

Although the Supreme Personality of Godhead constantly watches the activities of the world, no one sees Him. However, one should not think that because no one sees Him, He does not see, for His power to see is never diminished. Therefore, everyone should worship the Supersoul, who always stays with the individual soul as a friend.

Purport

Offering prayers to Kṛṣṇa, Śrīmatī Kuntīdevī, the mother of the Pāṇḍavas, said, alakṣyaṁ sarva-bhūtānām antar bahir avasthitam: [SB 1.8.18]plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigŚrīmad Bhāgavatam 1.8.18

Śrīmatī Kuntī said: O Kṛṣṇa, I offer my obeisances unto You because You are the original personality and are unaffected by the qualities of the material world. You are existing both within and without everything, yet You are invisible to all.
“Kṛṣṇa, You reside both inside and outside of everything, yet the unintelligent conditioned souls cannot see You.” In Bhagavad-gītā it is said that one can see the Supreme Personality of Godhead through jñāna-cakṣuṣaḥ, eyes of knowledge. He who opens these eyes of knowledge is called a spiritual master. Thus we offer our prayers to the spiritual master with the following śloka:

om ajñāna-timirāndhasya
jñānāñjana-śalākayā
cakṣur unmīlitaṁ yena
tasmai śrī-gurave namaḥ

“I offer my respectful obeisances unto my spiritual master, who with the torchlight of knowledge has opened my eyes, which were blinded by the darkness of ignorance.” (Gautamīya Tantra) The guru’s task is to open the disciple’s eyes of knowledge. When the disciple is awakened from ignorance to knowledge, he can see the Supreme Personality of Godhead everywhere because the Lord actually is everywhere. Aṇḍāntara-stha-paramāṇu-cayāntara-stham [Bs. 5.35]. The Lord resides within this universe, He resides within the hearts of all living entities, and He resides even within the atom. Because we lack perfect knowledge, we cannot see God, but a little deliberation can help us to see God everywhere. This requires training. With a little deliberation, even the most degraded person can perceive the presence of God. If we take into account whose property is the vast ocean, whose property is the vast land, how the sky exists, how the numberless millions of stars and planets are set in the sky, who has made this universe and whose property it is, we should certainly come to the conclusion that there is a proprietor of everything. When we claim proprietorship over a certain piece of land, whether individually or for our families or nations, we should also consider how we became the proprietors. The land was there before our birth, before we came to the land. How did it become our property? Such deliberation will help us understand that there is a supreme proprietor of everything—the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

The Supreme Godhead is always awake. In the conditioned stage we forget things because we change our bodies, but because the Supreme Personality of Godhead does not change His body, He remembers past, present and future. Kṛṣṇa says in Bhagavad-gītā (Bg. 4.1)plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā 4.1

The Blessed Lord said: I instructed this imperishable science of yoga to the sun-god, Vivasvān, and Vivasvān instructed it to Manu, the father of mankind, and Manu in turn instructed it to Ikṣvāku.
, imaṁ vivasvate yogaṁ proktavān aham avyayam: “I spoke this science of God—Bhagavad-gītā—to the sun-god at least forty million years ago.” When Arjuna inquired from Kṛṣṇa how He could remember incidents that had taken place so long ago, the Lord answered that Arjuna was also present at that time. Because Arjuna is Kṛṣṇa’s friend, wherever Kṛṣṇa goes, Arjuna goes. But the difference is that Kṛṣṇa remembers everything, whereas the living entity like Arjuna, being a minute particle of the Supreme Lord, forgets. Therefore it is said, the Lord’s vigilance is never diminished. This is also confirmed in Bhagavad-gītā (Bg. 15.15)plugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigBhagavad-gītā 15.15

I am seated in everyone's heart, and from Me come remembrance, knowledge and forgetfulness. By all the Vedas am I to be known; indeed I am the compiler of Vedānta, and I am the knower of the Vedas.
. Sarvasya cāhaṁ hṛdi sanniviṣṭo mattaḥ smṛtir jñānam apohanaṁ ca: the Supreme Personality of Godhead in His Paramātmā feature is always present within the hearts of all living entities, and from Him come memory, knowledge and forgetfulness. This is also indicated in this verse by the word suparṇam, which means “friend.” In the Śvetāśvatara Upaniṣad (4.6) it is therefore said, dvā suparṇa-sayujā sakhāyā samānaṁ vṛkṣaṁ pariṣasvajāte: two birds are sitting on the same tree as friends. One bird is eating the fruit of the tree, and the other is simply observing. This observing bird is always present as a friend to the eating bird and giving him remembrance of things he wanted to do. Thus if we take into account the Supreme Personality of Godhead in our daily affairs, we can see Him or at least perceive His presence everywhere.

The words cakṣur yasya na riṣyati mean that although we cannot see Him, this does not mean that He cannot see us. Nor does He die when the cosmic manifestation is annihilated. The example is given in this connection that the sunshine is present when the sun is present, but when the sun is not present, or when we cannot see the sun, this does not mean that the sun is lost. The sun is there, but we cannot see it. Similarly, although we cannot see the Supreme Personality of Godhead in our present darkness, our lack of knowledge, He is always present, seeing our activities. As the Paramātmā, He is the witness and adviser (upadraṣṭā and anumantā). Therefore, by following the instructions of the spiritual master and studying authorized literatures, one can understand that God is present before us, seeing everything, although we have no eyes with which to see Him.