Cc. Ādi 10.14


puṇḍarīka vidyānidhi—baḍa-śākhā jāni
yāṅra nāma lañā prabhu kāndilā āpani


puṇḍarīkaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpuṇḍarīka

of the name Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi.
vidyānidhiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigvidyānidhi

of the name Vidyānidhi; Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi; Vidyānidhi.
—of the name Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi; baḍaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbada

advanced; big; exalted; expert; great; greater; greatest; highly advanced; is very much; most exalted; much; the topmost; very; very big; very great; very much.
-śākhāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsakha

the companions.
—another big branch; jāniplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjani

I can understand; I consider; I know; I think; I understand; know; knowing; one can understand; understand; understanding; we can learn; we can understand; we consider; we know; we understand.
—I know; yāṅraplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigyāṅra

His; of one who; of some devotees; of which; of which incarnations; of whom; of whose; whom; whose.
nāmaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignama

a dancing appearance of the player, technically known as udghātyaka.
—whose name; lañāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_biglañā

accepting; accepting as his companion; accepting them; accompanied by; accompanying; along with; bearing; bringing; calling; carrying; chanting; getting; in accompaniment; offering; receiving; taking; taking along; taking away; taking back; taking company; taking him; taking into company; taking into confidence; taking Me; taking them; taking together; taking with Him; taking with Himself; with.
—taking; prabhuplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigprabhu

Caitanya Mahāprabhu; dear Lord; Lord; Lord Caitanya; Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu; Lord Jagannātha; Lord Kṛṣṇa; Lord Nityānanda; Lord Nityānanda Prabhu; Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; master; my dear Lord; my Lord; Nityānanda Prabhu; O Lord; O Lord Raghunātha; O My Lord; of Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu; of Lord Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; of the Lord; of Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; the Lord; the Lord's; the Lord, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; the predominator; the Supreme Lord; Śrī Caitanya; Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu.
—the Lord; kāndilāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkāndilā

—cried; āpaniplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigapani

automatically; by your own good will; He; Himself; Lord Kṛṣṇa personally; personally; personally Himself; personally, yourself; themselves; You.


Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi, the third big branch, was so dear to Lord Caitanya Mahāprabhu that in his absence Lord Caitanya Himself would sometimes cry. 


In the Gaura-gaṇoddeśa-dīpikā Śrīla Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi is described as the father of Śrīmatī Rādhārāṇī in kṛṣṇa-līlā. Caitanya Mahāprabhu therefore treated him as His father. Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi’s father was known as Bāṇeśvara or, according to another opinion, Śuklāmbara Brahmacārī, and his mother’s name was Gaṅgādevī. According to one opinion, Bāṇeśvara was a descendent of Śrī Śivarāma Gaṅgopādhyāya. The original home of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi was in East Bengal, in a village near Dacca named Bāghiyā, which belonged to the Vārendra group of brāhmaṇa families. Sometimes these Vārendra brāhmaṇas were at odds with another group known as Rāḍhīya brāhmaṇas, and therefore Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi’s family was ostracized and at that time was not living as a respectable family. Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī informs us that one of the members of this family is living in Vṛndāvana and is named Sarojānanda Gosvāmī. One special characteristic of this family is that each of its members had only one son or no son at all, and therefore the family was not very expansive. There is a place in the district of Caṭṭagrāma in East Bengal that is known as Hāta-hājāri, and a short distance from this place is a village known as Mekhalā-grāma in which Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi’s forefathers lived. One can approach Mekhalā-grāma from Caṭṭagrāma either on horseback, by bullock cart or by steamer. The steamer station is known as Annapūrṇāra-ghāṭa. The birthplace of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi is about two miles southwest of Annapūrṇāra-ghāṭa. The temple constructed there by Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi is now very old and much in need of repair. Without repair, the temple may soon crumble. There are two inscriptions on the bricks of that temple, but they are so old that one cannot read them. There is another temple, however, about two hundred yards south of this one, and some people say that this is the old temple constructed by Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi. 

Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu called Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi “father,” and He gave him the title Premanidhi. Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi later became the spiritual master of Gadādhara Paṇḍita and an intimate friend of Svarūpa Dāmodara’s. Gadādhara Paṇḍita at first misunderstood Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi to be an ordinary pounds-and-shillings man, but later, upon being corrected by Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu, he became his disciple. Another incident in the life of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi involves his criticizing the priest of the Jagannātha temple, for which Jagannātha Prabhu chastised him personally by slapping his cheeks. This is described in ŚrīCaitanya-bhāgavata, Antya-līlā, Chapter Seven. Śrī Bhaktisiddhānta Sarasvatī Ṭhākura informs us that there are still two living descendants of the family of Puṇḍarīka Vidyānidhi, who are named Śrī Harakumāra Smṛtitīrtha and Śrī Kṛṣṇakiṅkara Vidyālaṅkāra. For further information one should refer to the dictionary known as Vaiṣṇava-mañjuṣā.