Bg. 14.9

सत्त्वं सुखे सञ्जयति रजः कर्मणि भारत ।
ज्ञानमावृत्य तु तमः प्रमादे सञ्जयत्युत ॥९॥


sattvaṁ sukhe sañjayati
rajaḥ karmaṇi bhārata
jñānam āvṛtya tu tamaḥ
pramāde sañjayaty uta


sattvamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsattvam

śuddha-sattva, transcendental; any living being; consciousness; entity; existence; goodness; His internal potency; in goodness; living being; mode of goodness; mundane goodness; patience; pure transcendental goodness; regulation; strength; the heart; the mode of goodness; with no tinge of the material modes of nature.
—mode of goodness; sukheplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsukhe

by the happiness; happily; happiness; in a very pleasing atmosphere; in great happiness; in happiness; in the happiness; in the matter of happiness; in transcendental bliss; very happily; very nicely; very pleasingly; without difficulty.
—in happiness; sañjayatiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsañjayati

—develops; rajaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigrajah

by passion; by the pollen; dust; in passion; in the dust; in the mode of passion; influenced by the mode of passion; mode of passion; mundane passion; of passion; of passion or material desires; of the mode of passion; of the saffron dust; on account of a passionate mood; passion; saffron; sex desire; the dust; the material mode of passion; the mode of passion; the passion energy; the passionate mode of nature; the sinful activity.
—mode of passion; karmaṇiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkarmani

activities; by which activities; duties; fruitive activities; fruits of activities; in action; in activity; in discharging fruitive activities; in fruitive activities; in fruitive activity; in one's prescribed duty; in the churning; in the matter of; in the performance of prescribed duties; in the sacrifice; in the work; in work; of a ritualistic ceremony; of fruitive activity; performance of; performances; prescribed duties; the activity.
—fruits of activities; bhārataplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbharata

Lord Bharata; the descendants of King Bharata.
—O son of Bharata; jñānamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjnanam

—knowledge; āvṛtyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigāvṛtya

—covering; tuplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtu

again; also; and; as to; as well as; but (because of misfortune); but; certainly; due to; expletive; however; in fact; indeed; moreover; must; of course; on the contrary; only; that; then; yet.
—but; tamaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtamah

tamas; and of the mode of ignorance; and the mode of ignorance; by ignorance; dark; darkness; darkness in self-knowledge; from the darkness of hellish life; great darkness; hell; ignorance; ignorance in the material world; in ignorance; in the darkest region of hellish life; in the mode of ignorance; material nature; mode of ignorance; mundane ignorance; nescience; nothing but darkness; of darkness; of illusory existence; of the darkness; the dark planet; the darkness; the darkness of ignorance; the darkness within the material creation; the greatest; the material condition of sleeping; the mode of darkness; the mode of ignorance; the mode of ignorance, by which one performs pious and impious activities; the mode of ignorance, or the darkness of night; the ocean of nescience; to darkness; to ignorance.
—the mode of ignorance; pramādeplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpramāde

in madness.
—in madness; sañjayatiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsañjayati

—develops; utaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_biguta

also; although; and; and what to speak of begetting one hundred sons in each of them; as also; as also, what to speak of; celebrated; certainly; described; either; else; even; exactly; glorified; increasing; indeed; is, however; it is said; it is so enjoined; it is so said; known; moreover; must; or; or else; or otherwise; said; so it is said; spoken; there is; to speak; to speak of; what to speak of; whether.
—it is said. 


The mode of goodness conditions one to happiness, passion conditions him to the fruits of action, and ignorance to madness. 


A person in the mode of goodness is satisfied by his work or intellectual pursuit, just as a philosopher, scientist, or educator may be engaged in a particular field of knowledge and may be satisfied in that way. A man in the modes of passion and goodness may be engaged in fruitive activity; he owns as much as he can and spends for good causes. Sometimes he tries to open hospitals, give to charity institutions, etc. These are the signs of one in the mode of passion. And the mode of ignorance covers knowledge. In the mode of ignorance, whatever one does is neither good for him nor for anyone.