Bg. 14.5

सत्त्वं रजस्तम इति गुणाः प्रकृतिसम्भवाः ।
निबध्नन्ति महाबाहो देहे देहिनमव्ययम् ॥५॥


sattvaṁ rajas tama iti
guṇāḥ prakṛti-sambhavāḥ
nibadhnanti mahā-bāho
dehe dehinam avyayam


sattvamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsattvam

śuddha-sattva, transcendental; any living being; consciousness; entity; existence; goodness; His internal potency; in goodness; living being; mode of goodness; mundane goodness; patience; pure transcendental goodness; regulation; strength; the heart; the mode of goodness; with no tinge of the material modes of nature.
—mode of goodness; rajaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigrajah

by passion; by the pollen; dust; in passion; in the dust; in the mode of passion; influenced by the mode of passion; mode of passion; mundane passion; of passion; of passion or material desires; of the mode of passion; of the saffron dust; on account of a passionate mood; passion; saffron; sex desire; the dust; the material mode of passion; the mode of passion; the passion energy; the passionate mode of nature; the sinful activity.
—mode of passion; tamaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtamah

tamas; and of the mode of ignorance; and the mode of ignorance; by ignorance; dark; darkness; darkness in self-knowledge; from the darkness of hellish life; great darkness; hell; ignorance; ignorance in the material world; in ignorance; in the darkest region of hellish life; in the mode of ignorance; material nature; mode of ignorance; mundane ignorance; nescience; nothing but darkness; of darkness; of illusory existence; of the darkness; the dark planet; the darkness; the darkness of ignorance; the darkness within the material creation; the greatest; the material condition of sleeping; the mode of darkness; the mode of ignorance; the mode of ignorance, by which one performs pious and impious activities; the mode of ignorance, or the darkness of night; the ocean of nescience; to darkness; to ignorance.
—mode of ignorance; itiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigiti

thus; all these; also; and so on; as; as such; considering all these things; considering in that way; here; in this way (after giving everything to the brāhmaṇas); in this way; it is thus; known by these names; like that; like this; so it is; such; taking it as; that; therefore; they; this; thus (Hariścandra said); thus (saying out of contempt); thus (thinking in the above-mentioned way); thus (thinking); thus; thus accepted; thus accepting the words of Lord Brahmā; thus deciding; thus stated; thus thinking; thus vituperating.
—thus; guṇāḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_biggunah

a great quality; good quality; material quality; modes of nature; objects of sense perception; perfections; possessing qualities; qualities; quality; quality or intelligence; the object of sense perception; the three qualities; transcendental qualities; who has transcendental qualities; whose property of the intelligence.
—qualities; prakṛtiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigprakrti

by full performances; by nature; by the ministers; characteristics; existence; female; in material nature; material elements; material energy; material nature; matter; natural; nature; of material nature; such behavior; the material energy; the material nature; the nature; to material nature; wife.
—material nature; sambhavāḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsambhavah

accepting birth; appearance; are made possible; birth; born; born of; entering would have been possible; generated; possibility; the appearance.
—produced of; nibadhnantiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bignibadhnanti

bind; do bind up; does condition.
—does condition; mahāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigmaha

-bāhoplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbāho

He who is the Almighty; O great King; O great mighty-armed one; O mighty-armed (Vidura); O mighty-armed; O mighty-armed Kṛṣṇa; O mighty-armed one; O Vidura.
—O mighty-armed one; deheplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdehe

body; his body; in the bodies; in the body; in the material body; in the matter of the material tabernacle; in this body; of the body; on the body; the body; towards the body; when the body.
—in this body; dehinamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigdehinam

of the embodied; the embodied; the living entity.
—the living entity; avyayamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigavyayam

being unchangeable; eternal; everlasting; immutable; imperishable; indestructible; inexhaustible; irreproachable; never ending; spiritual; the inexhaustible; the Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is inexhaustible; who is the supreme eternal; without diminution; without loss of energy.


Material nature consists of the three modes—goodness, passion and ignorance. When the living entity comes in contact with nature, he becomes conditioned by these modes. 


The living entity, because he is transcendental, has nothing to do with this material nature. Still, because he has become conditioned by the material world, he is acting under the spell of the three modes of material nature. Because living entities have different kinds of bodies, in terms of the different aspects of nature, they are induced to act according to that nature. This is the cause of the varieties of happiness and distress.