Bg. 13.22

पुरुषः प्रकृतिस्थो हि भुङ्क्ते प्रकृतिजान्गुणान् ।
कारणं गुणसङ्गोऽस्य सदसद्योनिजन्मसु ॥२२॥

Text

puruṣaḥ prakṛti-stho hi
bhuṅkte prakṛti-jān guṇān
kāraṇaṁ guṇa-saṅgo ‘sya
sad-asad-yoni-janmasu

Synonyms

puruṣaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigpurusah

man.
—the living entity; prakṛtiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigprakrti

by full performances; by nature; by the ministers; characteristics; existence; female; in material nature; material elements; material energy; material nature; matter; natural; nature; of material nature; such behavior; the material energy; the material nature; the nature; to material nature; wife.
-sthaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsthah

situated.
—being situated in the material energy; hiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bighi

addressed; all; also; and above all; and exactly; as a matter of fact; assuredly; because; because of which; certainly; certainly are; exactly; exactly like; for; for this reason; from which; in deed; in fact; indeed (You can be realized by the devotees); indeed; is certainly; only; positively; reason of; since; surely; than; though; thus; undoubtedly; without fail.
—certainly; bhuṅkteplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbhuṅkte

as they take time to integrate; causes to be subjected; causes to enjoy; eats; enjoy; enjoys; enjoys or suffers; he suffers; he undergoes; passes; passes through; she would eat; suffered; suffers and enjoys; traverses; undergoes.
—enjoys; prakṛtiplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigprakrti

by full performances; by nature; by the ministers; characteristics; existence; female; in material nature; material elements; material energy; material nature; matter; natural; nature; of material nature; such behavior; the material energy; the material nature; the nature; to material nature; wife.
-jānplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjān

the elder brothers.
—produced by the material nature; guṇānplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigguṇān

all qualities; all the modes of material nature; different qualities (fruits and flowers); modes of nature; qualities; spiritual qualities; the attributes; the manifestation of the three modes of material nature; the material modes; the material qualities; the modes; the modes of; the modes of material nature; the qualities; the qualities of the material nature; the three modes of material nature; the three modes of nature; the transcendental qualities; three modes of nature; transcendental qualities; various material qualities; virtues.
—modes of nature; kāraṇamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkaranam

the senses.
—cause; guṇaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigguna

attributes.
-saṅgaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsangah

association; association or attachment; attachment; from material association; material association; material contamination.
—association with the modes of nature; asyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigasya

(the taking away) of this Ajāmila; about Him; by Him; for all these acts; for him; for such a person; his; his son; its; King Pṛthu; of a living entity; of a person; of Caṇḍavega; of Dakṣa; of Dhruva; of Dhruva Mahārāja; of her son; of him (Bali Mahārāja); of him (Bharata); of him (Brahmā); of Him (the Lord); of Him (the Supreme Personality of Godhead); of him (Tribhānu); of him; of His (Lord Kṛṣṇa's); of His; of Indra; of it; of Kṛti; of Kṛśāśva; of Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Brahmā; of Lord Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa; of Lord Ṛṣabhadeva; of Mahārāja Hariścandra; of Marutta; of Pṛthu; of Rambha; of such offenders; of that; of the virāṭ-puruṣa; of the advancing devotee; of the body of my husband; of the conditioned soul; of the cosmic manifestation; of the creation; of the devotee; of the entire cosmic manifestation; of the gigantic form; of the human beings; of the King; of the living being; of the living entities who have accepted material bodies; of the living entity; of the Lord; of the Lord, Śrī Caitanya Mahāprabhu; of the lust; of the manifested universes; of the material world; of the people in general; of the person; of the Personality of Godhead; of the possessor; of the serpent (Kāliya); of the Supreme Lord; of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; of the universal form; of the universal form of the Lord; of the universe; of the world; of this (Ajāmila); of this (material world); of this (Rādhā-kuṇḍa); of this (the universe); of this brahmacārī Vāmana; of this; of this body; of this child; of this cosmic manifestation; of this creation; of this earth; of this King; of this man; of this manifested cosmos or of anything material or visible; of this material world; of this one; of this person; of this tree; of this universe; of this Vāmanadeva; of this world; of your son; of your son Kṛṣṇa; one's; this; to him (the dead boy); to the living entity; unto Prahlāda; upon him.
—of the living entity; satplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsat

again the father or grandfather has come; always existing; auspicious; being; by authorities on religion; by exalted personalities; cause; effect; eternal; eternal existence; existing; good; legitimate; manifest; manifestation; manifested; manifested or phenomenal; of reality; of the devotees or the pious; respectable; result; resultant; right; Supreme; the cause; the effect; the Supreme; to the great sages; to the virtuous; to Your devotees; transcendental; which is existing, as the effect.
-asatplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigasat

all temporary and bad; although long dead (and although no one knows that the soul has gone); bad; cause; effect; falls; illusory; impermanent; impermanent, transient; impudence; material happiness; materialistic; mischievous; nonbeing; nondevotee; nonmanifestation; nonpermanent; nonpermanent things; not real; noumenal; perishable; temporary; the cause; the effect; the foolish; unmanifested; unpalatable; unreal; untenable; useless; vicious; which are always prone to material consciousness; which is nonexistent, as the cause.
—good and bad; yoniplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigyoni

species of life.
—species of life; janmasuplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjanmasu

birth.
—birth. 

Translation

The living entity in material nature thus follows the ways of life, enjoying the three modes of nature. This is due to his association with that material nature. Thus he meets with good and evil amongst various species. 

Purport

This verse is very important for an understanding of how the living entities transmigrate from one body to another. It is explained in the Second Chapter that the living entity is transmigrating from one body to another just as one changes dress. This change of dress is due to his attachment to material existence. As long as he is captivated by this false manifestation, he has to continue transmigrating from one body to another. Due to his desire to lord it over material nature, he is put into such undesirable circumstances. Under the influence of material desire, the entity is born sometimes as a demigod, sometimes as a man, sometimes as a beast, as a bird, as a worm, as an aquatic, as a saintly man, as a bug. This is going on. And in all cases the living entity thinks himself to be the master of his circumstances, yet he is under the influence of material nature. 

How he is put into such different bodies is explained here. It is due to association with the different modes of nature. One has to rise, therefore, above the three material modes and become situated in the transcendental position. That is called Kṛṣṇa consciousness. Unless one is situated in Kṛṣṇa consciousness, his material consciousness will oblige him to transfer from one body to another because he has material desires since time immemorial. But he has to change that conception. That change can be effected only by hearing from authoritative sources. The best example is here: Arjuna is hearing the science of God from Kṛṣṇa. The living entity, if he submits to this hearing process, will lose his long-cherished desire to dominate material nature, and gradually and proportionately, as he reduces his long desire to dominate, he comes to enjoy spiritual happiness. In a Vedic mantra it is said that as he becomes learned in association with the Supreme Personality of Godhead, he proportionately relishes his eternal blissful life.