Bg. 10.42

अथवा बहुनैतेन किं ज्ञातेन तवार्जुन ।
विष्टभ्याहमिदं कृत्स्नमेकांशेन स्थितो जगत् ॥४२॥


atha vā bahunaitena
kiṁ jñātena tavārjuna
viṣṭabhyāham idaṁ kṛtsnam
ekāṁśena sthito jagat


athavāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigathavā

alternatively; either; or; or else; or even; otherwise.
—or; bahunāplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigbahuna

many; much.
—many; etenaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigetena

by this (chanting); by this; by this estimation; by this kind; with this.
—by this kind; kimplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkim

and what is the value of such happiness; anything; are you; either; how; how can he be; how much; is it; is it that; nothing; something; what; what benefit; what for; what is; what is that; what is the benefit; what is the difficulty; what is the meaning; what is the need; what is the use; what is the use of; what is the value; what is there; what is there to fear; what kind of; what need; what need is there; what sort of; what then; what to speak of; what use; where is the necessity; whether; who; who is there; why.
—what; jñātenaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjñātena

being known; knowing.
—knowing; tavaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigtava

as your share; at Your Lordship's; by You; for you; for Your good self; from you; His; in your possession; of you; of your; of your deliverance from this danger; of Your good self; of Your Lordship; of Your Majesty; of yours; to you; unto You; with you; you; your; your activities; yours.
—you; arjunaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigarjuna

Arjuna; O Arjuna.
—O Arjuna; viṣṭabhyaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigviṣṭabhya

accepting; entire; pervading; situated.
—entire; ahamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigaham

as far as I am concerned; as I am; egotism; false ego; false identification (in the bodily concept of life); false identity; I ("I am this body"); I (am); I (Kṛṣṇa); I (Lord Brahmā); I (Lord Śiva); I (Prahlāda Mahārāja); I (the person desiring release from material life); I (Śukadeva Gosvāmī); I; I am; I am everything; I am independent; I am the material body; I myself; I, Lord Kṛṣṇa; I, the Personality of Godhead; I, the Supreme Personality of Godhead; I, Yamarāja; me; my existence ("I am something"); my humble self; myself (Brahmājī); Myself; the word aham; the wrong mental conception.
—I; idamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigidam

all of this cosmic manifestation; all these; all these manifestations; all these phenomena; all these planets; all these things; all this; as it is; here; in their own measurement; in this material world; in this way; in this world; is this; like this; on this (as follows); on this (path); the cosmic manifestation is produced; the following; the following words; the universe rests; the whole; the whole universe; these; these words; this (Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam); this (all the land given to them); this (body); this (cosmic manifestation); this (creation); this (life); this (material body); this (material world); this (news); this (the body and senses); this (universe); this (world); this; this body; this body of Brahmā; this cosmic manifestation; this cosmic manifestation is created and maintained; this creation; this description of the characteristics of Vāmanadeva; this entire cosmic manifestation; this entire universe; this glorification; this incident; this lamentation; this manifestation; this material attachment; this material world; this phenomenal world; this philosophy of life; this prayer; this present form; this ultimate abode of the Supreme Personality of Godhead; this universe; this Vedic literature (Śrīmad-Bhāgavatam); this whole material world; this whole universe; this world; thus; whatever we can see; which we see.
—this; kṛtsnamplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigkrtsnam

all; all manifestations; completely; entire; everything; the whole; total; wholesale; wholly.
—all manifestations; ekaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigeka

alone; another; even; exclusively; first; for one; foremost; is one; of only one; of the oneness; one; one by one; one item; one only; one pot; only; only one; or one; the only one; uniquely; with one.
—one; aṁśenaplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigaṁśena

by a partial representation; by a plenary portion; by part; by the part; part; part of the plenary portion; partial expansion; partially; with a part (Nara); with all His energies, His parts and parcels; with her different potential factors; with His plenary expansion Baladeva; with parts.
—part; sthithaḥplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigsthithaḥ

—situated; jagatplugin-autotooltip__small plugin-autotooltip_bigjagat

all over the world; all that is animate or inanimate; all the worlds, both material and spiritual; cosmic manifestation; cosmic manifestation created by You; everything, animate and inanimate; in the universe; in this material world; material world; moving; moving entities; moving forward (this whole universe); of the complete creation; of the cosmic creations; of the cosmic manifestation; of the entire universe; of the material world; of the universe; of the whole universe; of the whole world; of the world; seen to be moving; the cosmic manifestation; the entire material world; the entire universe; the entire world; the material world; the universal; the universe; the whole material creation; the whole universe; the whole world; the world; the worlds; this world; throughout the whole universe; to the universe; universal; universe; whole universe; whole world; world.
—in the universe. 


But what need is there, Arjuna, for all this detailed knowledge? With a single fragment of Myself I pervade and support this entire universe. 


The Supreme Lord is represented throughout the entire material universes by His entering into all things as the Supersoul. The Lord here tells Arjuna that there is no point in understanding how things exist in their separate opulence and grandeur. He should know that all things are existing due to Kṛṣṇa’s entering them as Supersoul. From Brahmā, the most gigantic entity, on down to the smallest ant, all are existing because the Lord has entered each and all and is sustaining them. 

Worship of demigods is discouraged herein because even the greatest demigods like Brahmā and Śiva only represent part of the opulence of the Supreme Lord. He is the origin of everyone born, and no one is greater than Him. He is samatā, which means that no one is superior to Him and that no one is equal to Him. In the Viṣṇu-mantra it is said that one who considers the Supreme Lord Kṛṣṇa in the same category with demigods—be they even Brahmā or Śiva—becomes at once an atheist. If, however, one thoroughly studies the different descriptions of the opulences and expansions of Kṛṣṇa’s energy, then one can understand without any doubt the position of Lord Śrī Kṛṣṇa and can fix his mind in the worship of Kṛṣṇa without deviation. The Lord is all-pervading by the expansion of His partial representation, the Supersoul, who enters into everything that is. Pure devotees, therefore, concentrate their minds in Kṛṣṇa consciousness in full devotional service; therefore they are always situated in the transcendental position. Devotional service and worship of Kṛṣṇa are very clearly indicated in this chapter in verses eight to eleven. That is the way of pure devotional service. How one can attain the highest devotional perfection of association with the Supreme Personality of Godhead has been thoroughly explained in this chapter. 

Thus end the Bhaktivedanta Purports to the Tenth Chapter of the Śrīmad-Bhagavad-gītā in the matter of the Opulence of the Absolute.